Learning the Office - glossary of key terms

I thought it might be helpful to have a running list of terms used in relation to the Office, so here is a partial list of the ones mentioned in the series.

The Glossary 

Breviary – Book containing the texts for all of the hours of the Office

Cantor – Leads the singing.

Choir – The liturgical choir of a monastery or other ecclesiastical institution.

Class I, II, III – levels of feasts

Commemoration – Sometimes referred to as a memorial. The lowest ranking recollection of a saint or season, which is marked by some additional prayers at Lauds and sometimes Vespers.

Common of… - Refers to a set of texts that can be used for categories of saints or feasts.

Common, Office in – Office said by two or more people together, who are not obliged to say the Office.

Compline - Compline is said after dark, before bed.

Diurnal – Covers the day hours, Hours from Lauds to Compline.

Divine Office – A liturgical prayer of the Church based around the psalms said daily by priests and religious.

Feria - Class IV or ordinary day of the week with no feasts.

Fixed Feasts – Occur on a particular calendar date.

Hebdomadary – Person designated to lead the Office.

Hour(s) – Parts of the Divine office, viz Matins, Lauds, Prime, Terce, Sext, None, Vespers, Compline in the traditional Office.

Lauds - Said at first light, and heralds in the dawn.

Lector – Reader.

Major hours – Matins, Lauds, Vespers

Matins - the night office.

Memorial – Sometimes referred to as a memorial. The lowest ranking recollection of a saint or season, which is marked by some additional prayers at Lauds and sometimes Vespers.

Minor hours – Prime, Terce, Sext, None, Compline

Monastic Office – A version of the Divine Office as said by monks and nuns. Usually refers to the formulation of the Office set down by St Benedict in his Rule.

Moveable feasts – Feasts for which the calendar date can change each year.

None - Literally ninth hour, hour of the Office said mid-afternoon.

Ordinary – parts of the Office that don't change. In the Office, there are essentially two types of 'ordinary':the introductory prayers and other set texts, together with the psalms, that stay the same all the year around (generally found in the psalter section of the Diurnal); the things that stay the same throughout a particular season, such as through Eastertide, such as the hymn at Lauds, and the alleluias.

Prime - Means first, referring to the hour of the Office traditionally said during the first hour after dawn.

Psalter – Literally the book of psalms. In the context of the Office, it generally means the psalms and prayers arranged in the order set for each hour.

Propers – Text that changes (for the season or feast).

Sanctorale – Of the saints. Refers to the cycle of feasts of saints.

Sext - Literally sixth hour, hour of the Office said around midday.

Solemnity - First class feast, the highest level of a feast.

Superior – The person in charge of a monastery. Usually an abbot, abbess, prior or prioress.

Terce - Literally third hour , said mid-morning.

Temporale – Literally of the time. Refers to the liturgical seasons.

Vespers - Evening prayer, originally said around sunset.

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