The Office in Advent ***updated

This post deals with some of the peculiarities of the Office in Advent.

The Catholic Encyclopedia notes that the liturgical season of Advent is a time for the faithful to:
  • prepare themselves worthily to celebrate the anniversary of the Lord's coming into the world as the incarnate God of love,
  • thus to make their souls fitting abodes for the Redeemer coming in Holy Communion and through grace, and
  • thereby to make themselves ready for His final coming as judge, at death and at the end of the world.
The start date for Advent varies every year, so you need to consult either an Ordo or the table of moveable feasts at the beginning of the Monastic Diurnal.  The end date, however, is always fixed: Advent officially ends at None on the December 24.

The Office in Advent is quite complex, and a time when ribbons need to be deployed, no matter how familiar you might be with the Office.

My suggestion would be to place your ribbons as follows:
  • to the relevant parts of the 'Ordinary of Advent', MD 9*ff;
  • on the day of the week in Advent;
  • as well as the relevant hour of the psalter.
And then from December 17 onwards you'll need a few extras...but on that see below.

Sundays

Sundays in Advent are all first class, with their own proper antiphons and proper texts (chapter, hymn etc).  In general, the Lauds antiphons are used for all of the hours (ie from I Vespers on Saturday until II Vespers), using the normal principles (that is, the fourth antiphon is omitted at Vespers; the first antiphon is used at Prime, the second at Terce, etc, skipping the fourth as usual). These antiphons are then used for the minor hours throughout that week (MD 13*ff puts them together to make it easier to find the right antiphon for the relevant hour).

Weekdays up to 17 December/fourth week of Advent

The ordinary days of Advent are of the third class. As usual, the collects are from the previous Sunday (with the exception of the Ember days in week three of Advent, which have their own particular collects).

A few key things to particularly take note of:
  • at Lauds and Vespers: use the correct chapter, hymn, responsory etc from the Ordinary of Advent (MD9*;15*) NOT from the psalter for the day;
  • at Lauds and Vespers use the Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons prescribed for the day and week;
  • at the minor hours, use the antiphon set for that hour for the relevant week (MD 13*ff) and from Terce to None, the chapter and versicle for Advent (set out in the psalter).
Feast days

The other key point to note is that on days when a feast is celebrated (such as the Immaculate Conception) a commemoration of Advent is always made at both Lauds and Vespers.

The Monastic Diurnal is rather unhelpful on this, as, presumably in the interests of space, it doesn't include the versicles and collect on the same pages as the relevant canticle antiphons, but the principle is to use the Benedictus or Magnficat antiphon that would otherwise have been said on that day, followed by the versicle from the relevant Advent Office, followed by the collect of the week or day), all said immediately after the collect of the feast.

From 17 December....

In the last part of of Advent the liturgy intensifies, adding a little complexity.

First, at Vespers, the beautiful 'O Antiphons' (MD 35*), one for each day, are sung with the Magnificat. These displace the Magnificat antiphon that would otherwise be said on these days (in the third week of Advent). There are numerous recordings of these wonderful pieces of chant available online, do listen.

Secondly, whereas previously Lauds and Vespers used the 'throughout the year' antiphons, there is now a set used at these hours (and the rest as per the normal rules) for the psalms for each day of the week (MD 37*ff).

Thirdly, a couple of the Benedictus antiphons are said on specific dates (see MD 41*).

In all cases, following the Ordo provided here should be of assistance!

Compline

Throughout this season, the Marian antiphon at the end of Compline is Alma Redemptoris Mater, MD 265, with the accompanying prayers that immediately follow (labelled for use up until 24 December).

A cheat sheet for the hours

Here is a summary of the effects of the Ordinary of Advent on each hour (Monday to Saturday, no feasts or memorials), up until 16 December.

Matins

Opening as usual (Domine labia mea aperies…)
Psalm 3
Invitatory antiphon for Advent (MB 14), Regem venturum Dominum with Ps 94
Hymn for Advent: Verbum supernum prodiens
Nocturn I: psalms and antiphons of the day
Versicles for Advent, MB 14
3 readings and responsories (for the particular day and week of Advent)
Nocturn II: psalms and antiphons of the day
Chapter and versicle for Advent
Closing prayers

Lauds

Opening prayers and invitatory psalms as usual
Psalms and antiphons of the day (up until 17 December)
Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*
Canticle antiphon for the day and week of Advent
Collect of the previous Sunday, MD 11*

Prime

Opening prayers
Antiphon for week of Advent: Week I (Iucundare/Be glad), MD 13*
Psalms of day
Chapter, versicle and closing prayers as usual

Terce

Opening prayer and hymn as usual;
Antiphons for the week of Advent (Week I, Urbs/Sion), MD 13*;
Psalms for day;
Chapter and versicle for Advent, MD 14* or psalter;
Closing prayers as usual;
Collect of the week, MD 11*

Sext

Opening prayer and hymn as usual;
Antiphons for the week of Advent (Week I, Ecce/Behold), MD 14*;
Psalms for day;
Chapter and versicle for Advent, MD 14* or psalter;
Closing prayers as usual;
Collect of the week, MD 11*

None

Opening prayer and hymn as usual;
Antiphons for the week of Advent (Week I, Ecce/Behold), MD 15*;
Psalms for day;
Chapter and versicle for Advent, MD 15* or psalter;
Closing prayers as usual;
Collect of the week, MD 11*

Vespers

Opening praysers as usual
Psalms and antiphons of the psalter
Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 15*- 17*
Magnificat antiphon for the day and week of Advent/Magnficat

Compline

Starts MD 256
Marian Antiphon: Alma Redemptoris Mater, MD 265

A cheat sheet for the Ordo

The instructions below provide page references to the Monastic Diurnal for the days of Advent (but don't take account of any feasts that may occur during December).

Saturday before the first Sunday of Advent

Vespers: I Vespers of the First Sunday of Advent, MD 1*
Compline: Marian antiphon Alma Redemptoris Mater, MD 265 henceforward

– First Sunday of Advent, Class I

Matins: Invitatory antiphon, hymn, antiphons and readings of Sunday I in Advent
Lauds: Proper antiphons, chapter, responsory, hymn etc, MD 4* ff with Psalm schema 1 (50, 117, 62)
Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 6* ff
Vespers: Proper texts as for I Vespers, MD 1* except for Magnificat antiphon, MD 8*; with psalms of Sunday

 – Monday in the first week of Advent, Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of Monday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for the season, MD 9* ff; Benedictus antiphon, MD 17*; collect, MD 11*;
Prime: Antiphon for week I, MD 13*
Terce to None: Antiphon for Advent wk I, MD 13* ff; chapter and versicle for Advent; collect, MD 11*
Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Monday; chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle for Advent, MD 15* ff; Magnificat antiphon, MD 17*; collect, MD 11*

– Tuesday in the first week of Advent, Class III

Psalms of Tuesday with Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk I, MD 13* ff); collect (Sunday I), MD 11*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 18*

– Wednesday in the first week of Advent, Class III

Psalms of Wednesday with Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk I, MD 13* ff); collect (Sunday I), MD 11*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 18*

Thursday in the first week of Advent, Class III

Psalms of Thursday with Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk I); collect (Sunday I), MD 11*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 18*

– Friday in the first week of Advent, Class III

Psalms of Friday with Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk I); collect (Sunday I), MD 11*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 19*

- Saturday in the first week of Advent

Psalms of Saturday with Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk I); collect (Sunday I), MD 11*; canticle antiphons at Lauds, MD 19*

I Vespers of the Second Sunday of Advent, MD 19* ff

– Second Sunday of Advent, Class I

Lauds to Vespers: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 22* ff; psalms of Sunday 

At Lauds, schema 1: Ps 50, 117, 62

– Monday in the second week of Advent, Class III

Psalms of Monday with Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk II, MD 13* ff); collect (Sunday II), MD 11*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 26-7*

– Tuesday in the second week of Advent, Class III

Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk II, MD 13* ff); collect (Sunday II), MD 11*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 27*

– Wednesday in the second week of Advent, Class III

Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk II); collect (Sunday II), MD 11*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 27*

– Thursday in the second week of Advent, Class III

Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk II); collect (Sunday II), MD 11*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 27-8*

- Friday in the second week of Advent, Class III

Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk II); collect (Sunday II), MD 11*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 28*

- Saturday in the second week of Advent, Class III

Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk II); collect (Sunday II), MD 11*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 28*

I Vespers of Third Sunday in Advent, MD 28* ff

– Third Sunday of Advent, Class I (Gaudete Sunday)

Lauds to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 31*ff; psalms of Sunday (at Lauds, schema 1: Ps 50, 117, 62); collect (except at Prime)
Vespers: Antiphons and proper texts of I Vespers, MD 28* except for canticle antiphon, MD 35* (unless one of the O antiphons is said) with Sunday psalms

– Monday in the third week of Advent, Class III

If Class III: Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk III); collect (Sunday III), MD 11*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 41-2*

If Class II: Antiphons for the day of the week (MD 37* ff), ordinary of Advent (chapter, hymn etc for Lauds and Vespers); collect (Sunday III), MD 11*; Benedictus antiphon at Lauds, MD 41-2*; O antiphon of the date, for the Magnificat, MD 35-6*

-– Tuesday in the third week of Advent, Class III


If Class III: Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk III); collect (Sunday III), MD 11*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 42*

If Class II: Antiphons for the day of the week (MD 37* ff), ordinary of Advent (chapter, hymn etc for Lauds and Vespers); collect (Sunday III), MD 11*; Benedictus antiphon at Lauds, MD 41-2*; O antiphon of the date, for the Magnificat, MD 35-6*

– Ember Wednesday of Advent, Class II

If before December 17: Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk  III); collect of the Ember Day, MD 42-3*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 42-3*

If December 17-23: Antiphons for the day of the week (MD 37* ff), ordinary of Advent (chapter, hymn etc for Lauds and Vespers); collect of the Ember Day, MD 42-3*; Benedictus antiphon at Lauds, MD 42*; O antiphon of the date, for the Magnificat, MD 35-6*

– Thursday in the third week of Advent, Class II

If before December 17: Ordinary of Advent (Prime to None antiphons of wk  III); MD 43*; canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers, MD 43*

If December 17-23: Antiphons for the day of the week (MD 37* ff), ordinary of Advent (chapter, hymn etc for Lauds and Vespers); collect, MD 43*; Benedictus antiphon at Lauds, MD 43*; O antiphon of the date, for the Magnificat, MD 35-6*

– Ember Friday of Advent, Class II

If December 17-23, Antiphons for the day of the week (MD 37* ff), otherwise as per the Ordinary of Advent; ordinary of Advent (chapter, hymn etc for Lauds and Vespers); collect of the Ember Day, MD 44*; Benedictus antiphon at Lauds, MD 44*; O antiphon of the date, for the Magnificat, MD 35-6*

– Ember Saturday in Advent, Class II

If December 17-23, Antiphons for the day of the week (MD 37* ff), otherwise as per the Ordinary of Advent; ordinary of Advent (chapter, hymn etc for Lauds and Vespers); collect of the Ember Day, MD 45*; Benedictus antiphon at Lauds, MD 44*; O antiphon of the date, for the Magnificat, MD 35-6*

I Vespers for the fourth Sunday of Advent, MD 45*ff

– Fourth Sunday of Advent, Class I

Lauds to None: Antiphons and proper texts, MD 48* ff; psalms of Sunday (at Lauds, schema 1: Ps 50, 117, 62)
Vespers: Antiphons and proper texts of I Vespers, MD 45* ; O Antiphon, MD 35-6*

– Monday in the fourth week of Advent, Class II

Antiphons for the day of the week (MD 37* ff), ordinary of Advent (chapter, hymn etc for Lauds and Vespers);  Benedictus antiphon at Lauds, MD 52*; O antiphon of the date, for the Magnificat, MD 35-6*; collect, MD 12*

- Tuesday in the fourth week of Advent, Class II

Antiphons for the day of the week (MD 37* ff), ordinary of Advent (chapter, hymn etc for Lauds and Vespers); Benedictus antiphon at Lauds, MD 52*; O antiphon of the date, for the Magnificat, MD 35-6*; collect, MD 12*

- Wednesday in the fourth week of Advent, Class II

Antiphons for the day of the week (MD 37* ff), ordinary of Advent (chapter, hymn etc for Lauds and Vespers); Benedictus antiphon at Lauds, MD 53*; O antiphon of the date, for the Magnificat, MD 35-6*; collect, MD 12*

23 December - Class II

Lauds to Vespers: Antiphons for the psalms: MD 37 - 40*
Lauds: Benedictus antiphon, Ecce completa sunt, MD 45*
Vespers: Magnificat antiphon, O Emmanuel, MD 36*

24 December - Vigil of the Nativity, Class I
[Note: If the Vigil of the Nativity falls on a Sunday, I Vespers is as for the Fourth Sunday of Advent]

Matins: Invitatory antiphon, hymn and readings of the feast; antiphons and psalms of the day; readings of the feast
Lauds: Festal psalms (of Sunday), MD 44 with antiphons and proper texts, MD 54* ff
Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, MD 54*

Terce to None: Antiphons and texts, MD 57* ff

5 comments:

Mac McLernon said...

Just a quick question...

What is the difference between a Memorial and a Commemoration?

Terra said...

None really Mac - the diurnal uses the term 'memorial' to designate what most 1962 missals call a commemoration.

The rubrics in the monastic breviary talk about the relevant prayers said at Lauds (and Vespers where appropriate) as 'making a commemoration'. So I tend to think of a memorial as the level of the day (in the case of a saint etc), and the commemoration as the actual observance prescribed, and use the two terms that way, but really the two terms are pretty much interchangeable.

Anonymous said...

Just wondering......

Having listened to the wonderful recording from Norcia for 12/12 Advent II- the antiphons for both the psalmody and the Magnificant don't seem to match those in my MD. Page 19*. Also the short chapter is different.......or is it just my Latin, or more likely the understanding of the Rubrics?

Thanks

Terra said...

Anon - That would be because 12/12 is first vespers for the third sunday of Advent, not the second. If you take a look at the Ordo in the post below, it points you to MD 28*, not 19*...

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