Friday, December 31, 2010

January 1: Octave Day of Christmas

Andrea Mantegna, 1461

Today is the Octave Day of Christmas (aka New Year), and one of those feasts that have gone through a few incarnations in recent years.

Traditionally, today is the Feast of the Circumcision of Our Lord. The feast celebrates the first time the blood of Christ was shed, and thus the beginning of the process of the redemption of man. It also serves to demonstrate that Christ was fully human, and his obedience to Biblical law.

In the 1962 Calendar (including the Benedictine Universal Calendar), all of the traditional texts for the feast are retained, but the name is dropped in favour of the Octave Day. In the Novus Ordo calendar, the Feast was dropped altogether, and it has become the Feast of Mary, Mother of God...

December 31: Seventh day in the Octave of the Nativity; St Sylvester, Pope, memorial



van den Bossche, 1470-1500

December 31: Seventh Day in the Octave of the Nativity

Thursday, December 23, 2010

December 23: Class II


O Emmanuel, our king and our lawgiver,
the hope of the nations and their Saviour:
Come and save us, O Lord our God.



Wednesday, December 22, 2010

December 22: Class II






O King of the nations, and their desire,
the cornerstone making both one:
Come and save the human race,
which you fashioned from clay.

Friday, December 10, 2010

Traditional Benedictine Ordo for March 2011 *amended

Herewith the Benedictine Ordo according to the general calendar for the Order, and rubrics approved in 1961/2, with page references to the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey, 2004.

You will of course need to add in any local feasts celebrated in your monastery, parish, diocese and country.

Note that the season of Septuagesima (see rubrics for the season in the Diurnal) runs until the start of Lent on 9 March.

Tuesday 1 March – Class IV

All as in Tuesday in the psalter with collect MD 167* except for:

Vespers: Magnificat antiphon MD 170*

Wednesday 2 March – Class IV

All as in Wednesday in the psalter with collect MD 167* except for:

Vespers: Magnificat antiphon MD 170*

Thursday 3 March – Class IV

All as for Thursday in the Psalter, with Magnificat antiphon, MD 171* and collect MD167*

Friday 4 March – Class IV

All as for Friday in the Psalter, with Magnificat antiphon, MD 171* and collect MD167*

Saturday 5 March – Of Our Lady

Lauds to None: see MD (130)

I Vespers of Quinquagesima Sunday, MD 171*

Sunday 6 March – Quinquagesima Sunday, Class II

Antiphons and other propers, MD 173*ff

Monday 7 March – St Thomas Aquinas, Class III

Lauds and Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Monday with rest from common of a confessor, MD (78), collect MD [75]

Prime to None: Antiphon (and chapter and versicle as appropriate) from common of a confessor, collect MD [75]

Tuesday 8 March - Class IV


All as in Tuesday in the psalter with collect MD 176* except for:

Vespers: Magnificat antiphon MD 179*

Wednesday 9 March – Ash Wednesday, Class I

Lauds: All as in the psalter for Wednesday throughout the year, except for the collect and Benedictus antiphon, MD 180*.

Terce to None: As for throughout the week and throughout the year, with collect from Lauds.

Vespers: Vespers of Wednesday throughout the year with Magnificat antiphon and collect, MD 180*-181*

Thursday 10 March – Class III, The Forty Holy Martyrs, Memorial

Lauds: All as in the psalter for Thursday throughout the year, except for the collect and Benedictus antiphon, MD 181*; for the commemoration, MD [76]

Terce to None: As for throughout the week and throughout the year, with collect from Lauds.

Vespers: Vespers of Thursday throughout the year with Magnificat antiphon and collect, MD 181*-182*

Friday 11 March – Class III

Lauds: All as in the psalter for Thursday throughout the year, except for the collect and Benedictus antiphon, MD 182*.

Terce to None: As for throughout the week and throughout the year, with collect from Lauds.

Vespers: Vespers of Thursday throughout the year with Magnificat antiphon and collect, MD 182*-183*

Saturday 12 March - St Gregory the Great OSB, Class II

See MD [77]ff; with a commemoration of the feria at Lauds, MD 183*.

I Vespers of Sunday, see MD 184*ff

Sunday 13 March – First Sunday of Lent, Class I

See MD 186*ff

Monday 14 March – Class III

[see notes on the Ordinary of Ferial Office in Lent]

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 195*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 195*-196*

Tuesday 15 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 196*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 196*

Wednesday 16 March – Ember Wednesday, Class II

For notes on Ember Days, go here.
Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 197*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 197*

**or I Vespers of St Patrick if applicable

Thursday 17 March – Class III (**in some plaes, St Patrick, Class I)

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 197*- 198*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*;

Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 198*

For St Patrick, see MD 22**

Friday 18 March – Ember Friday, Class II ; St Cyril, memorial

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 198*; For the commemoration, MD [83]

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

I Vespers of St Joseph, MD [84] with a commemoration of the feria, MD 199*

Saturday 19 March – St JOSEPH, Class I

See MD [84]ff, with a commemoration of the feria at Lauds, MD199*

Vespers, commemorate Sunday (using versicle, canticle antiphon and collect from I Vespers)
Sunday 20 March – Second Sunday of Lent, Class I

See MD 201*

At Vespers, make a commemoration for St Benedict - use the versicle, Magnificat antiphon and collect of the feast as set out for I Vespers after the collect of the Sunday.

Monday 21 March – St Benedict Class I

MD [91]ff, with a commemoration of the feria at Lauds and Vespers, MD 206*

Tuesday 22 March – Class III (in some places St Nicholas of Flue)

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 206*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 207*

For St Nicholas of Flue, MD 23**

Wednesday 23 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 207*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 208*

Thursday 24 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 208*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

I Vespers of the Annunciation, MD [100] with a commemoration of the feria, MD 208-209*

Friday 25 March - ANNUNCIATION of the BVM 1 Cl

See MD [102]ff, with a commemoration of the feria at Lauds and Vespers, MD 209*

Saturday 26 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 210*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

I Vespers, MD 210*ff

Sunday 27 March – Third Sunday of Lent, Class I

See MD 212*ff

(Note: the feast of St John Damasus is not marked liturgically this year).

Monday 28 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 217*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 217*

Tuesday 29 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218-9*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter;  chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218*

Wednesday 30 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218-9*

Thursday 31 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*;Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 219*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*;
Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 219

Traditional Benedictine Ordo for February 2011

Herewith the Benedictine Ordo according to the general calendar for the Order, and rubrics approved in 1961/2, with page references to the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey, 2004.

You will of course need to add in any local feasts celebrated in your monastery, parish, diocese and country.

Note that the season of Septuagesima starts February 20.

Tuesday 1 February St Ignatius, Bishop and Martyr, Class III

At Lauds and Vespers, psalms and antiphons of the Tuesday in the psalter, the rest from the Common of one martyr, MD (31). At all hours, collect of the feast, MD [46]

Wednesday 2 February - Purification of the BVM, Class II

All hours: Proper antiphons and texts for the feasts - see MD [49]ff.

At Compline: Antiphon of Our Lady Ave Regina Caelorum (MD 266) from today onwards.

Thursday 3 February - St Blase, Bishop and Martyr, Memorial

Lauds to None: As in the psalter for Thursday with texts for ‘throughout the year’.

Lauds, make a commemoration of the saint, MD [52]; Collect of Sunday MD 149*-150*

Friday 4 February – Class IV

All as in the Office for Friday throughout the year, with the collect of Sunday, MD 149*-150*

Saturday 5 February - St Agatha, Class III

Lauds to None: See MD [52]ff for proper texts for the feast

Vespers: I Vespers of Sunday, Canticle antiphon and collect from MD 150*

Sunday 6 February – Fifth Sunday after Epiphany, Class II

All as for Sunday throughout the year, with canticle antiphons and collect, MD 151*

At Lauds, Psalms 50, 117, 62, and Hymn Aeterne rerum Conditor.

Monday 7 February – St Romuald OSB, Class III

At Lauds to Vespers: psalms and antiphons of Monday, with the rest from the Common of a Confessor, MD (75); collect from MD [58].

Tuesday 8 February - Class IV

All as in the Office for Tuesday throughout the year with the collect of Sunday, MD 151*

Wednesday 9 February - Class IV

All as in the Office for Wednesday with the collect of Sunday, MD 151*

If St Scholastica is a Class I feast: I Vespers, see MD [59]ff

Thursday 10 February - St Scholastica, Virgin, Class II (Class I for nuns)

Lauds to Vespers: see MD [62]ff

Friday 11 February - Class IV

All as in the Office for Friday throughout the year, with the collect of Sunday, MD 151*.

Saturday 12 February – Class IV - Saturday of Our Lady

Lauds to None: See MD (130)

Vespers: I Vespers of Sunday, with Magnificat antiphon and collect from MD 152*

Sunday 13 February – Sixth Sunday after Epiphany, Class II

All as in the psalter for Sundays.

At Lauds, Psalms 50, 117, 62, and Hymn Aeterne rerum Conditor.

Canticle antiphons and collect from MD 152*-153*

Monday 14 February – Class IV – St Valentine, priest and Martyr, memorial

All as in the Office for Monday throughout the year, with the collect of Sunday, MD 152*; At Lauds, make a commemoration after the collect, using the texts from MD [67].

Tuesday 15 February – Class IV

All as in the Office for Tuesday throughout the year with the collect of Sunday, MD 152*

Wednesday 16 February – Class IV

All as in the Office for Wednesday with the collect of Sunday, MD 152*

Thursday 17 February – Class IV

All as in the Office for Thursday with the collect of Sunday, MD 152*

Friday 18 February – Class IV

All as in the Office for Friday throughout the year, with the collect of Sunday, MD 152*.

Saturday 19 February – Saturday of Our Lady, Class IV

Lauds to None: See MD (130)

I Vespers of Septuagesima Sunday – Psalms and antiphons as in the psalter, with chapter, responsory, hymn etc from MD 153*-154*.

At Compline and henceforward, the Alleluia is not said, and in the opening prayers is replaced by ‘Laus tibi Domine…’

Sunday 20 February – Septuagesima Sunday, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons from MD 154*ff, with psalms of Sunday (Ps 50, 117, 62); chapter etc for the day from MD 153*ff

Prime to None: Antiphon s etc for the day from MD 158*-159*

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday from the psalter, chapter, responsory, hymn etc for the day, from MD 159*.

Monday 21 February – Class IV

All as in the Office for Monday, with the collect of Sunday, MD 157*.

At Vespers: antiphon for the Magnificat from MD 161*.

Tuesday 22 February - St Peter’s Chair, Class III

Lauds to Vespers: See MD [68]ff

Wednesday 23 February - St Peter Damian OSB, memorial

All as for Wednesday in the psalter, with collect of Sunday MD 157*.

Lauds: Commemoration of the saint, MD [73]

Vespers: Magnificat antiphon from MD 161*

Thursday 24 February - St Matthias, Apostle, Class II

All as in the common of Apostles, MD (9), with collect from MD [73].

Friday 25 February - Class IV (in some plaes St Walburga)

All as in the psalter for Friday, with collect of Sunday MD 157*, except for the Magnificat antiphon at Vespers, MD 162*

For St Walburga, MD 21**

Saturday 26 February – Office of Our Lady on Saturday

See MD (130) (Note: the Office of Our Lady throughout the year applies in Septuagesima tide, contrary to the note in the Diurnal)

I Vespers of Sexagesima Sunday – Antiphons and psalms of Saturday, the rest from MD 162*ff

Sunday 27 February – Sexagesima Sunday

Lauds to None: Antiphons and proper texts of the Sunday, MD 164*ff

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Sunday, the rest for the day, from MD 168*

Monday 28 February – Class IV

All as in the psalter for Monday except for the Magnificat antiphon at Vespers, from MD 170*, with collect from MD 167*

Ordo for January 2011

Herewith the Benedictine Ordo according to the general calendar for the Order, and rubrics approved in 1961/2, with page references to the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey, 2004.

You will of course need to add in any local feasts celebrated in your monastery, parish, diocese and country.

Note that the first half of January is part of 'nataltide'.  This consists of 'nativitytide', which runs until 5 January, and then Epiphanytide, until 13 January.  Rubrics applicable to the season can be found in the first half of the Diurnal.

Saturday 1 January – Octave of the Nativity of Our Lord, Class I [Novus Ordo: Mary, Mother of God]

See MD 108*.

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts for the feast MD 108* with festal (Sunday psalms, MD 44).

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, MD 108* with psalms etc Saturday.

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapters, versicle and collect of the feast, MD 111* with hymns and psalms for 'throughout the week'.

Vespers: II Vespers of the Octave of the Nativity - As for I Vespers, MD 108* with Magnificat antiphon Magnum hereditatis, MD 113*. Note: No notice is taken of the following Sunday.

Compline: Marian Antiphon Alma Redemptoris Mater

Sunday 2 January - Second Sunday after the Nativity, Class II (EF: Most Holy Name of Jesus; **In some places, St Thomas of Canterbury)

Lauds: psalm schema 2 – 92, 99, 62 with chapter, responsory, hymn etc of the day, MD 116*-118*

Prime to None: Of Sunday with antiphon, chapters etc of the day, MD 118*-119*

Vespers: Of Sunday in the psalter.

**for St Thomas, see MD 2**

Monday 3 January – Class IV

Note instructions for the ordinary of the ferial office after the Octave of the Nativity, MD 119*-115*:

Lauds: Psalms and antiphons for throughout the year with chapter, responsory, hymn, Benedictus antiphon and collect for the Nativity, MD 120*-121*

Prime: All as for Monday ‘throughout the year and Nativitytide’

Terce to None: All as for ‘throughout the week’ with antiphons for throughout the year and nativitytide, chapter and versicles for nativitytide MD 122*-123*

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms for Monday with chapter, responsory, hymn and Magnificat antiphon for Nativitytide, MD 123*-125*

Tuesday 4 January – St Titus, Bishop and Confessor: Memorial

Lauds: Psalms and antiphons for throughout the year with chapter, responsory, hymn, Benedictus antiphon and collect for the Nativity, MD 120*-121*. After the collect make a commemoration of St Titus, using the texts from MD 125*-126*.

Prime: All as for Monday ‘throughout the year and Nativitytide’

Terce to None: All as for ‘throughout the week’ with antiphons for throughout the year and nativitytide, chapter and versicles for nativitytide MD 122*-123*

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms for Monday with chapter, responsory, hymn and Magnificat antiphon for Nativitytide, MD 123*-125*

Wednesday 5 January – Class IV [EF: Vigil of the Epiphany]

Lauds: Psalms and antiphons for throughout the year with chapter, responsory, hymn, Benedictus antiphon and collect for the Nativity, MD 120*-121*

Prime: All as for Monday ‘throughout the year and Nativitytide’

Terce to None: All as for ‘throughout the week’ with antiphons for throughout the year and nativitytide, chapter and versicles for nativitytide MD 122*-123*

END OF NATIVITYTIDE

Vespers: I Vespers of the Epiphany of Our Lord – see MD 126*ff.

Antiphons, chapter, responsory, hymn for the feast, MD 126*-129* with Sunday psalms, MD203.

Thursday 6 January – Epiphany of Our Lord: Class I

See MD 129*ff.

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts for the feast (MD 129*) with festal (Sunday) psalms, MD 44.

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, Ante luciferum, MD [129*] with psalms etc of Monday.

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapters, versicle and collect of the feast, MD 132*-133* with hymns and psalms for 'throughout the week'.

Vespers, antiphons for the feast, as at I Vespers, MD 126*ff, with Magnificat antiphon from MD 133*.

Friday 7 January - Class IV

EPIPHANYTIDE: Note instructions for the Ordinary of the Epiphany (Epiphanytide), MD 133*ff.

Matins: Readings for the day, MB212-3

Lauds: Psalms and antiphons of Friday with chapter, versicle and hymn, MD 133*-134*; Benedictus antiphon for day II (Ab oriente), MD 137* and collect, MD 138*.

Terce to None: As for ‘throughout the week’ with antiphons of throughout the year/epiphanytide; chapter and versicle for epiphanytide (in the psalter).

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons for Friday with chapter, versicle and hymn for epiphanytide, MD 137-139*, Magnificat antiphon for day II, MD 139*.

Saturday 8 January – Our Lady on Saturday

Matins: Reading 1 for Jan 7; combine readings 2&3 (omit responsory 2) for Jan 7; third reading for Our Lady on Saturday, Saturday 2 of January

Lauds to None: see MD (133)ff for the variants to the Office of Our Lady on Saturday for the period after Christmas.

I Vespers for first Sunday after the Epiphany: Antiphons and psalms for throughout the year with chapter, responsory, hymn, Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 140*-142*

Sunday 9 January – First Sunday after the Epiphany: Class II [EF and in some places: Holy Family**]

Matins: MB 222ff

Lauds: psalm schema 2 – 92, 99, 62 with chapter, hymn etc from MD142*ff

Prime to Vespers: see MD 144*ff

For Holy Family see MD 3**

Monday 10 January – St Paul the First Hermit, Confessor: Memorial

Matins: Readings for Monday in the first week after Epiphany

Lauds: Psalms and antiphons of Monday with chapter, versicle and hymn, MD 133*-134*; Benedictus antiphon for day III, MD 137* and collect, MD 138*. After the collect make a memorial of St Paul, MD [23].

Terce to None: As for Monday with antiphons of throughout the year/epiphanytide; chapter and versicle for epiphanytide (in the psalter).

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons for Monday with chapter, versicle and hymn for epiphanytide, MD 137-139*, Magnificat antiphon for day III, MD 139*.

Tuesday 11 January – Class IV

Lauds: Psalms and antiphons of Tuesday with chapter, versicle and hymn, MD 133*-134*; Benedictus antiphon for day IV, MD 137* and collect, MD 138*.

Terce to None: As for ‘throughout the week’ with antiphons of throughout the year/epiphanytide; chapter and versicle for epiphanytide (in the psalter).

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons for Tuesday with chapter, versicle and hymn for epiphanytide, MD 137-139*, Magnificat antiphon for day IV, MD 139*.

Wednesday 12 January – Class IV; (**in some places: St Benedict Biscop, Abbot, Class I)

Lauds: Psalms and antiphons of Wednesday with chapter, versicle and hymn, MD 133*-134*; Benedictus antiphon for day V, MD 137* and collect, MD 138*.

Terce to None: As for ‘throughout the week’ with antiphons of throughout the year/epiphanytide; chapter and versicle for epiphanytide (in the psalter).

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons for Tuesday with chapter, versicle and hymn for epiphanytide, MD 137-139*, Magnificat antiphon for day V, MD 139*.

For St Benedict Biscop, see MD 10**

Thursday 13 January – Commemoration of Our Lord’s Baptism: Class II

All is said as on the feast of the Epiphany, MD 129*ff, but with collect from MD 140*:

Matins: Three nocturns.

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts for the feast (MD 129*) with festal (Sunday) psalms, MD 44; collect from MD 140*.

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, Ante luciferum, MD [129*] with psalms etc of Monday.

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapters, versicle and collect of the feast, MD 132*-133* with hymns and psalms for 'throughout the week' and collect from MD 140*.

Vespers, antiphons for the feast, as at I Vespers, MD 126*ff, with Magnificat antiphon from MD 133*; collect from MD 140*.

Friday 14 January – St Hilary, Bishop, Confessor and Doctor; St Felix, priest: Memorials

Note: From now until Septuagesima, all is said as for ‘throughout the year’ as set out in the psalter

All as in All as in the Office for Friday throughout the year, with the collect MD 144*. Commemoration from MD [24]

(in some places I Vespers of Our Lady of Prompt Succour, see below)

Saturday 15 January – Our Lady on Saturday (**Our Lady of Prompt Succour: Class I; EF: St Paul the First Hermit)

Matins: Readings with Saturday 3 of January

Lauds to None: see MD (133) ff

Vespers: As for Saturday in the psalter with Magnificat antiphon MD 146* and collect MD 147*.

For Our Lady of Prompt Succour, see MD 11** - 16**

Sunday 16 January – Second Sunday after the Epiphany: Class II; St Marcellus I, Pope and Martyr: Memorial

All as in the psalter for Sundays throughout the year:

At Lauds, psalm schema 1 – 50, 117, 62 with hymn Aeterne rerum Conditor.

Collect and canticle antiphons from MD 146* -147*

Monday 17 January – St Anthony, Abbot: Class III

Matins: Lessons 1&2 from the Office of the day; lesson 3 and responsory of the feast.

At Lauds and Vespers, psalms and antiphons of Monday, with the rest from the Common of a Confessor not a bishop, MD (78) and collect MD [26].

Terce to None, chapter and versicle from the Common with collect from MD [26].

Tuesday 18 January – Class IV

All as in the Office for Tuesday throughout the year with the collect of Sunday, MD 147*

Wednesday 19 January – SS Marius, Martha, Audifax and Abachum, Martrys: Memorial

All as in the Office for Wednesday with the collect of Sunday, MD 147*; At Lauds, make a commemoration after the collect, using the texts from MD [26].

Thursday 20 January – SS Fabian, Pope and Sebastian, Martyrs: Class III

Matins: Lessons 1&2 of the day with responsories 1&3; lesson 3 of the feast.

At Lauds and Vespers, psalms and antiphons of Thursday, with the rest from the Common of Many Martyrs, MD (43).

Terce to None, chapter and versicle from the Common.

At all hours, collect from MD [27 ].

Friday 21 January – St Agnes, Virgin and Martyr: Class III (Class II for monasteries of nuns) (**St Meinrad, Class I)

See MD [27] – [34].

Matins: Invitatory and hymn from the Common of Virgins, lessons 1&2 of the day, lesson 3 and responsories of the feast.

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts for the feast, MD [27]ff with festal (Sunday) psalms, MD 44.

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, with psalms of Friday.

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapters, versicle and collect of the feast, MD [30]ff with hymns and psalms [for 'throughout the week'].

Vespers: Antiphons for the feast, MD [31], with psalms as noted in the rubrics, chapter, responsory, hymn etc for the feast.

For St Meinrad, MD 16**ff

Saturday 22 January – Our Lady on Saturday; St Vincent, Martyr: Memorial (**in some places, St Meinrad)

Matins: Readings with Saturday 4 of January

Lauds to None: see MD (133) ff. At Lauds make a commemoration after the collect, MD [34].

Vespers: As for Saturday in the psalter with Magnificat antiphon and collect MD 148*.

For St Meinrad, MD 20**

Sunday 23 January – Third Sunday after the Epiphany, Class II; St Emerentiana, Virgin and Martyr: Memorial

All as in the psalter for Sundays throughout the year.

At Lauds, psalm schema 1 – 50, 117, 62 with hymn Aeterne rerum Conditor

Collect and canticle antiphons from MD 148*-149*. For the commemoration at Lauds, see MD [35].

Monday 24 January – St Timothy, Bishop, Martyr, memorial

All as in the Office for Monday throughout the year, with the collect of Sunday, MD 148*; at Lauds, make a commemoration after the collect, using the texts from MD [35] – [36].

Tuesday 25 January – Conversion of St Paul, Apostle: Class III

See rubrics from MD [36] – [42]

Matins: Invitatory, hymn, readings and collect of the feast; rest as in the psalter for Tuesday.

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts for the feast, MD [36]ff with festal (Sunday psalms, MD 44), with collects of St Paul and St Peter under one conclusion.

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, with psalms of Tuesday.

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapters, versicle and collect of the feast, MD [39]ff with hymns and psalms [for 'throughout the week']. Collect of St Paul, MD [39].

Vespers: Antiphons for the feast, MD [40] with psalms for the Common of Apostles, MD (13). Chapter, responsory etc for the feast, with collects of St Paul and St Peter under one conclusion

Wednesday 26 January – St Polycarp, bishop and martyr: Memorial

All as in the Office for Wednesday with the collect of Sunday, MD 148*; at Lauds, make a commemoration after the collect, using the texts from MD [42] – [43].

Thursday 27 January – St John Chrysostom, bishop, confessor and doctor: Class III

Matins: Readings 1&2 of the day with responsories 1&3; reading 3 of the feast.

Lauds and Vespers: psalms and antiphons of Thursday, with the rest from the Common of a Confessor Bishop, MD (64) except for the Magnifcat antiphon at Vespers, from MD [43].

Terce to None: chapter and versicle from the Common.

At all hours, collect from MD [43]

Friday 28 January – St Cyril, Bishop, Confessor and Doctor: Memorial

All as in the Office for Friday with the collect of Sunday, MD 148*; at Lauds, make a commemoration after the collect, using the texts from MD [44]

Saturday 29 January – Our Lady on Saturday; St Frances de Sales, bishop, confessor and doctor: Memorial**

Matins: With reading for Jan 4&5

Lauds to None: see MD (133) ff. At Lauds, make a commemoration after the collect, using the texts from MD [44] – [45].

Vespers: As for Saturday in the psalter with Magnificat antiphon and collect MD 149* - 150*.

**As Class I, see MD 21**

Sunday 30 January – Fourth Sunday after Epiphany

All as in the psalter for Sundays throughout the year.

At Lauds, psalm schema 1 – 50, 117, 62 with hymn Aeterne Rerum Conditor.

Collect and canticle antiphons from MD149* - 150*.

Monday 31 January - St John Bosco, Confessor: Memorial

All as in the Office for Monday throughout the year, with the collect of Sunday, MD149* - 150*. At Lauds, make a commemoration after the collect, using the texts from MD [45] – [46]

Thursday, December 2, 2010

A Rule for cenobites...

OK this is a bit of a rant, but I think an important one.

One of the problems in the Church today is the subversion of the idea that religious life represents a higher state of life. Under the guise of the "new monasticism" even married people today like to describe themselves as monks, or consider themselves as bound by the Rules of their Order as monks are.

To the extent that this movement encourages piety and spiritual growth it is obviously a good thing. But to the extent that it undermines the idea that religious life - even in the watered down form so often practiced in these confused and troubled times - is an objectively higher state of life, we should reject it as a dangerous subversion of the Church's traditions.

The Benedictine Rule is first and foremost a Rule for monks and nuns...

A widely disseminated commentary on the Rule for December 2 laudably encourages the saying of the hours of the Office. But in making his arguments for doing so the author gets carried away, claiming:

"the Holy Rule was written by a layman for laymen. The early men (and later, women) were lay-folk when they joined St. Benedict, not vowed Religious but beginners..."

Well no.

First, St Benedict himself was a monk not a layman: the story of his acceptance of the habit from a monk of a monastery near Subiaco appears in the Life of the saint written by St Gregory. And, leaving aside the question of whether or not St Benedict was actually a deacon, is the author of the commentary really claiming that St Benedict didn't make the vows he prescribes for his own monks in Chapter 58 of the Rule? Surely he was indeed a vowed religious!

Secondly, the Rule makes it clear several times that he is writing for "the strong race of cenobites" (ch 1), that is for those "practicising it in monasteries" (ch 73), "in the enclosure of the monastery and stability in community" (ch 4), under the authority of an abbot (ch 1).

When the postulant arrives at the gates of the monastery he is indeed a layperson and beginner. But he is seeking to become a monk or nun (and by the way, women were not later in this but contemporaneous, as St Scholastica, as well as the communities of women referred to in the Life, make clear), not seeking to continue living in the world.

The Rule of St Benedict is a great spiritual document, filled with wisdom for all. And the laity have been called to adopt the spirituality taught by St Benedict from its very beginnings as his Life makes clear: the saint provided spiritual direction to many from his cave at Subiaco; converted those living near Monte Cassino by his preaching; and attracted lay donors who provided land for new monasteries, and entrusted their sons to him for the monastery. Those early oblates often followed an exemplary asceticism too, as the story of the lay follower of St Benedict who fasted on his annual journey to visit the monastery (until tempted otherwise and called on it by the saint) demonstrates. But the call of an oblate is different to that of a monk, and we shouldn't confuse the two.

What is a monk or nun?

The profession of the evangelical counsels by a religious means poverty, chastity and obedience not just in the sense we are all required to adopt, but that special consecration which renounces all goods and all sexual activity, and promises obedience to a superior who stands in the place of Christ. In the case of Benedictines, the form of the vows is 'stability and conversion of morals' and a commitment to live' according to the Rule': "stabilitate...et conversatione morum...et obedientia...secundum Regulam Sancti Patris nostri Benedicti..."

In Vita Consecrata, Pope John Paul II stated that the superiority of the state reflects the fact that religious voluntarily gave up good things, making a total holocaust of themselves, in favor of a greater good, the pure service of God. It is this special commitment that justifies the status of religious life as a higher calling: “As a way of showing forth the Church’s holiness, it is to be recognized that the consecrated life, which mirrors Christ’s own way of life, has an objective superiority.”

Oblates

We are all called to holiness. And the promises made by a Benedictine Oblate for example represent a particularly good way of pursuing that holiness.

But an oblate is not a monk.

Canonically, the situation of an oblate is quite different to that of either a monk, or a third order member of one of the mendicant orders such as the Carmelites, Franciscans or Dominicans.

The traditional promises (not vows) made by a Benedictine oblate living in the world are to live "according to the spirit of the Rule of our Holy Father Benedict, and observe the Statutes of Oblates" (conversationem morum...ad mentem Regulae..."

In the prayers and admonitions of the American-Cassinese Congregation leading up to the promises, for example, the prospective oblate was asked if he was willing to "observe the salutary teachings of our Holy Father Benedict, according as your state of life permits..."

Religious life is, amonst its other purposes, meant to help and support the practice of the laity by providing an exemplar of holiness. Oblates are meant to share in the spiritual benefits produced by their monastery, and learn from the religious life. But oblation is not to meant to be a substitute for religious life, even in times where that religious life seems often poorly observed.

Be fervent followers of St Benedict by all means, but according to your state in life...

Tuesday, November 30, 2010

Traditional Benedictine Ordo for December 2010 - upgraded!

Herewith the Benedictine Ordo according to the general calendar for the Order, and rubrics approved in 1961/2, with page references to the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey, 2004.

  The rubrics for Advent

I've added a lot more detail to the notes for Advent, as the rubrics are quite complex in this period, and made a couple of corrections to the version previously posted.

In particular, for the first three weeks of Advent this year:
  • there are particular antiphons for the minor hours for each week;
  • the canticle antiphons at Lauds and Vespers are for each day of the respective week of Advent; and
  • the 'ordinary of Advent' is used for chapters, hymns etc.
From 17 December onwards the Office becomes much more complex to navigate:
  • the antiphons for Lauds to Vespers are specific to the days preceeding Christmas for the day of the week;
  • the Benedictus antiphons are for week of Advent, with special antiphons for December 21 and 23;
  • the Magnificat 'o' antiphons are for the date.
The separate notes on Advent provide additional details, and  with the Ordo notes below you should be fine!

You can either print them out from here, or join the TradBen Group for access to word files of the Ordo.

You will of course need to add in any local feasts celebrated in your monastery, parish, diocese and country. Where appropriate, cross-references have been made to the Roman Extraordinary Form calendar (REF) - note however that these references are not comprehensive, but merely intended as aids for those attending the EF mass.

Please do let me know if you have any queries or corrections.

Wednesday December 1 Cl 3 **In some places, Blessed Richard, Hugo, John, Abbots and companions, martyrs; 3 cl

Collect of Sunday I of Advent, MD 11*; Ordinary of Advent, MD 9*ff with week I antiphons; Canticle antiphons MD 18*:

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon, hymn, versicle, chapter; readings for Wed. week I of Advent.

Lauds: Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*; Benedictus antiphon, MD 18*; MD 11*

Prime: Antiphon for Advent Wk I (Iucundare/Be glad), MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphons for Advent Wk I, MD 13*-15*; Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter); Collect of the week, MD 11*.

Vespers: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 15*- 17*; Magnificat, MD 18*; Collect MD 11*

Compline: Marian antiphon Alma Redemptoris Mater

For Blessed Richard et al see MD 1**

Thu 2: Cl 3, St Peter Chrysologus, Bp, Conf, Doctor; Memorial

Collect of Sunday, MD 11*; Ordinary of Advent, MD 9*ff with week I antiphons; Canticle antiphons MD 18*; for the Commemoration at Lauds, MD [8]:

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon, hymn, versicle, chapter; readings for Thursday week I of Advent.

Lauds: Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*; Benedictus antiphon, MD 18*; MD 11*; for the commemoration of the saint, MD [8]

Prime: Antiphon for Advent Wk I (Iucundare/Be glad), MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphons for Advent Wk I, MD 13*-15*; Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter); Collect of the week, MD 11*.

Vespers: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 15*- 17*; Magnificat antiphon, MD 18*; Collect MD 11*

Fri 3, Cl 3 S Francis Xavier Conf; memorial. **In some places, 1 Cl

Collect of Sunday, MD 11*; Ordinary of Advent, MD 9*ff with week I antiphons; Canticle antiphons MD 19*; for the Commemoration at Lauds, MD [9]; as Class I, see MD 1**/

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon, hymn, versicle, chapter; readings for Friday week I of Advent.

Lauds: Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*; Benedictus antiphon, MD 19*; MD 11* ; for the commemoration of the saint, MD [9]

Prime: Antiphon for Advent Wk I (Iucundare/Be glad), MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphons for Advent Wk I, MD 13*-15*; Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter); Collect of the week, MD 11*.

Vespers: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 15*- 17*; Magnificat antiphon for Friday, Advent Wk I, MD 19*; Collect MD 11*

Sat December 4, Cl 3

Collect of Sunday, MD 11*; Ordinary of Advent, MD 9*ff with week I antiphons; Canticle antiphon MD 19*:

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon etc; readings for Saturday week I of Advent.

Lauds: Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*; Benedictus antiphon, MD 19*; MD 11*

Prime: Antiphon for Advent Wk I (Iucundare/Be glad), MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphons for Advent Wk I, MD 13*-15*; Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter); Collect of the week, MD 11*.

Vespers: I Vespers of Second Sunday of Advent, see MD 19*ff:

Antiphons for the day, MD 19* with psalms of Saturday;
chapter for I Vespers of Sunday II;
responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 20*-21*;
Magnificat antiphon for I Vespers, MD 21*

Sunday December 5, Second Sunday of Advent, Cl 1

See MD 22*ff.

Matins: Invitatory antiphon, hymn, versicle, Nocturn III canticles and antiphons of Advent; rest for the second Sunday.

Lauds: Antiphons for Sunday II of Advent, MD 22*, with psalms schema 1 (50, etc); Chapter and other proper texts, MD 23*ff

Prime to None: Antiphons of Lauds with chapter and versicle for Sunday II

Vespers: Antiphons of Lauds with Sunday psalms; chapter, responsory etc as for I Vespers; Magnificat antiphon, MD 26*

Monday December 6, Cl 3, S Nicholas, Bp, Conf; Memorial

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon etc; readings for Monday week II of Advent.

Lauds: Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*; Benedictus antiphon, MD 26*-27*; MD 11* ; St Nicholas, memorial, MD [9]

Prime: Antiphon for Advent Wk II (Ecce in nubibus), MD 13*

Terce to None:
Antiphons for Advent Wk II, MD 13*-15*;
Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter);
Collect of the week, MD 11*.

Vespers: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 15*-17*; Magnificat antiphon for Monday, Advent Wk II, MD 27*; Collect MD 11*

Tue 7 S Ambrose, Bp, Conf, Doctor; Cl 3 

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon etc; readings 1&2 for Tuesday week II of Advent with responsories 1&3, reading 3 for the feast.

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms for Tuesday; Rest from Common of a Confessor Bishop, MD (64); After the collect of the feast make a commemoration of the feria with the Benedictus antiphon, MD 26*-27*; versicle of Lauds in Advent and collect for week II, MD 11*

Prime to None: Antiphons and other proper texts from the Common

I Vespers: of the Immaculate Conception, MD [11]ff:
Antiphons of the feast (MD [11] with psalms from Common of BVM, MD (119);
Chapter, responsory etc of the feast, MD [11]
After the collect of the feast, make a commemoration of the feria, MD 27*, 24*, 11*.

Wed December 8 Immaculate Conception of the BVM 1 Cl

Matins: Invitatory, hymn, and readings of the feast with psalms and canticles from the Common of feasts of Our Lady.

Lauds: Antiphons, chapter, responsory, hymn etc of the feast, MD [13], with festal psalms. After the collect make a commemoration of the day, MD 27*, 11*.

Prime to None: Antiphons of Lauds, other texts for the feast, MD [13]ff.

Vespers:
Antiphons of the feast, MD [11] with psalms from Common of BVM, MD (119);
Chapter, responsory etc of the feast, MD [11];
Versicle and Magnifcat antiphon for II Vespers, MD [17];
After the collect of the feast, make a commemoration of the feria, MD 27*, 24*, 11*.

Thursday December 9, Cl 3 

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon etc; readings for Thursday week II of Advent.

Lauds: Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*; Benedictus antiphon, MD 27*
Collect MD 11*.

Prime: Antiphon for Advent Wk II (Ecce in nubibus), MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphons for Advent Wk II, MD 13*-15*; Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter); Collect of the week, MD 11*.

Vespers: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 15*-17*; Magnificat antiphon for Thursday, Advent Wk II, MD 28*; Collect MD 11*.

Fri December 10, Cl 3 **in some places Blessed Mark Barkworth, John Roberts and Companions, Martyrs, 3 Cl

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon etc; readings for Friday week II of Advent.

Lauds: Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*; Benedictus antiphon, MD 28*Collect MD 11*

Prime: Antiphon for Advent Wk II (Ecce in nubibus), MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphons for Advent Wk II, MD 13*-15*; Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter); Collect of the week, MD 11*.

Vespers: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 15*-17*; Magnificat antiphon for Thursday, Advent Wk II, MD 28*; Collect MD 11*.

**For Blessed Mark et al, MD 2**

Saturday December 11, Cl 3, S Damasus I, Pope, Conf; Memorial

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon etc; readings for Saturday week II of Advent.

Lauds: Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*; Benedictus antiphon, MD 28*;Collect MD 11*; for the commemoration, MD [17]

Prime: Antiphon for Advent Wk II, MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphons for Advent Wk II, MD 13*-15*; Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter); Collect of the week, MD 11*.

Vespers: I Vespers of Gaudete Sunday, MD 28*ff:

Antiphons for the day, MD 28* with psalms of Saturday;

chapter for I Vespers of Sunday III;
responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 29*-30*;
Magnificat antiphon for I Vespers, MD 30*-31*;
Collect of the Sunday, MD 31*.

Sunday December 12, Third Sunday Of Advent (Gaudete Sunday) 1 Cl

See MD 31*ff:

Matins: Invitatory antiphon Prope est (said now until 23 Dec); hymn, Nocturn III canticles and antiphons of Advent; rest for the third Sunday.

Lauds: Antiphons for Sunday III of Advent, MD 31*, with psalms schema 1 (50, etc); Chapter and other proper texts, MD 32*ff.

Prime to None: Antiphons of Lauds with chapter and versicle for Sunday III, MD 31*, 33*-34*.

Vespers: Antiphons of Lauds with Sunday psalms; chapter, responsory etc as for I Vespers; Magnificat antiphon, MD 35*.

Monday December 13 -  S Lucy, Virgin, Mart; Cl 3 

MD [18]ff:

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon (Prope est), hymn, versicle; readings 1&2 for Monday week III; reading 3 for the feast; responsories of the feast; chapter for a Virgin martyr.

Lauds: Antiphons of the feast, MD [18]-[19] with festal psalms, MD 44ff; proper texts for the feast, MD [19]ff; after the collect make a commemoration of the feria with the Benedictus antiphon, MD 41*; versicle of Lauds in Advent and collect for week III, MD 11*.

Prime to None: Antiphons and other proper texts for the feast, MD [18], [21]ff

Vespers:

Antiphons of the feast, MD [18] with psalms, chapter, responsory and hymn from the Common of Virgins, MD (84);
Magnificat antiphon, MD [22];
after the collect of the feast, make a commemoration of the feria, MD 27*, 24*, 11*.

Tuesday December 14,  Cl 3 

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon (Prope est), hymn, versicle, chapter; readings for Tuesday week III of Advent.

Lauds: Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*; Benedictus antiphon, MD 42; Collect MD 11*

Prime: Antiphon for Advent Wk III, MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphons for Advent Wk III, MD 13*-15*; Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter);
Collect of the week, MD 11*.

Vespers: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 15*-17*; Magnificat MD 42*; Collect MD 11*.

Wednesday December 15  - Ember Day, Cl II

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon (Prope est), hymn, versicle, chapter; readings for Ember Wednesday week III of Advent.

Lauds:
Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*;
Benedictus antiphon, MD 42*
Collect of Ember Day, MD 42*

Prime: Antiphon for Advent Wk III, MD 13*

Terce to None:
Antiphons for Advent Wk III, MD 13*-15*;
Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter);
Collect of the week, MD 42*.

Vespers: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 15*-17*; Magnificat MD 43*; Collect MD 42*.

Thursday December 16, Cl 3 

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon (Prope est), hymn, versicle, chapter; readings for Thursday week III of Advent.

Lauds:
Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*;
Benedictus antiphon, MD 43*
Collect MD 11*

Prime: Antiphon for Advent Wk III, MD 13*

Terce to None:
Antiphons for Advent Wk III, MD 13*-15*;
Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter);
Collect of the week, MD 11*.

Vespers: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 15*-17*; Magnificat MD 43*; Collect MD 11*.

Friday December 17 - Ember Day, Class 2

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon (Prope est), hymn, versicle, chapter; readings for Friday week III of Advent.

Lauds:
Antiphons for the Friday preceding Christmas, MD 39*-40*
Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*;
Benedictus antiphon, MD 44*
Collect for the Ember Day, MD 44*

Prime: Antiphon 1 from Lauds, MD 39*

Terce to None:
Antiphons 2,3 and 5 respectively, MD 39*-40*;
Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter);
Collect, MD 44*.

Vespers:
Antiphons of the day, MD 39*-40*
Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 15*-17*;
Magnificat: O Antiphon, MD 35*;
Collect, MD 44*.

Saturday December 18  - Ember Day, Class 2 

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon (Prope est), hymn, versicle, chapter; readings for Ember Saturday of Advent.

Lauds:
Antiphons for the Saturday preceding Christmas, MD 40*
Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*;
Benedictus antiphon, MD 44*
Collect for the Ember Day, MD 45*

Prime: Antiphon 1 from Lauds, MD 40*

Terce to None:
Antiphons as noted, MD 41*;
Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter);
Collect, MD 45*.

I Vespers of Fourth Sunday of Advent:

Antiphons, MD 45*-46* with psalms of Saturday
Chapter, etc, MD 46*;
Magnificat Antiphon, O Adonai, MD 35*;
Collect MD 47*.

Sunday December 19, Fourth Sunday of Advent, Class I 

Matins: Invitatory antiphon, hymn, Nocturn III canticles and antiphons of Advent; rest for the fourth Sunday.

Lauds: Antiphons for Sunday IV of Advent, MD 48*, with psalms schema 1 (50, etc); Chapter and other proper texts, MD 48*ff.

Prime to None: Antiphons of Lauds with chapter and versicle for Sunday IV, MD 50*ff.

Vespers: Antiphons of Lauds with Sunday psalms; chapter, responsory etc as for I Vespers; Magnificat antiphon, O radix Jesse, MD 36*.

Monday December 20, Class II

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon (Prope est), hymn, versicle, chapter; readings for Monday week IV of Advent.

Lauds:
Antiphons for Monday, MD 37*
Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*;
Benedictus antiphon, MD 52*
Collect MD 12*

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Monday, MD 37*

Terce to None:
Antiphons 2,3 and 5 respectively, MD 37*;
Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter);
Collect of the week, MD 12*.

Vespers:
Antiphons of Monday omitting 4;
Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 15*-17*;
O Antiphon for Magnificat, O Clavis, MD 36*;
Collect MD 12*.

Tuesday December 21, St Thomas Class II 

Matins: From the Common of Apostles except for readings 5-12 and the Gospel, for the feast.


Lauds: All from the Common of Apostles (9)ff except for the Benedictus antiphon and collect for the feast, MD [22] – [23]. After the collect make a commemoration of the feria using the antiphon Nolite timere MD 41*, versicle for Advent Lauds, and collect MD 12*

Prime to None: Antiphon etc from Common, collect of the feast.

Vespers: All as from the Common. After the collect of the feast, make a commemoration of the day using the O antiphon, O Oriens, MD 36*, versicle for Advent Vespers, and collect of the week, MD 12*

Wednesday December 22, Class  II 

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon (Prope est), hymn, versicle, chapter; readings for Wednesday week IV of Advent.

Lauds:
Antiphons for Wednesday, MD 38*-39*
Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*;
Benedictus antiphon, MD 53*
Collect MD 12*

Prime: Antiphon, MD 38*

Terce to None:
Antiphons 2,3 and 5 respectively, MD 38*-39*;
Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter);
Collect of the week, MD 12*.

Vespers:
Antiphons of Wednesday omitting 4;
Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 15*-17*;
O Antiphon for Magnificat, O Rex Gentium, MD 36*;
Collect MD 12*.

Thursday, December 23, Class II 

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon (Prope est), hymn, versicle, chapter; readings for Thursday week IV of Advent.

Lauds:
Antiphons for Thursday, MD 39*
Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*;
Benedictus antiphon: Ecce Completa est, MD 45*
Collect MD 12*

Prime: Antiphon, MD 39*
Terce to None:
Antiphons 2,3 and 5 respectively, MD 39*;
Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter);
Collect of the week, MD 12*.

Vespers:
Antiphons of Thursday omitting 4;
Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 15*-17*;
O Antiphon for Magnificat, O Emmanuel, MD 36*;
Collect MD 12*.

Friday, December 24 -  Vigil Of The Nativity, Class I 

Matins: Two nocturns: Invitatory, hymn and readings for the Vigil; psalms and antiphons as in the psalter for the day.
Lauds: Antiphons for the Vigil with festal psalms, proper texts for the day, MD 54*ff
Prime: antiphon1 of Lauds, MD 54*
Terce to None: Antiphon, chapter, versicle and collect for the Vigil, MD 57*
I Vespers of Christmas: see MD58*ff

Christmastide

Saturday December 25 Nativity - Cl I with a class II octave

See MD 61*ff

Sunday December 26 Sunday Within The Octave Of The Nativity Cl II

Matins: All as on Christmas Day except for the readings and responsories, of the day.
See MD 77*ff

Lauds to Vespers: see MD 77*ff.  At Lauds make a commemoration of St Stephen, MD85*

Monday December 27  - S John Ap Evangelist Cl II

Matins: All as in the Common of Apostles except for the readings and responsories, for the feast.

Lauds to Vespers: See MD 90*ff.  At Lauds and Vespers, make a commemoration of the Octave of the Nativity.

Tuesday, December 28 - Holy Innocents Mm, Cl II

Matins: All from the Common of several martyrs except for the invitatory antiphon, hymn, readings and responsories, for the feast.

Lauds to Vespers: See MD 97*ff. At Lauds and Vespers make a commemoration of the Octave.

Wednesday 29  - Fifth Day Within The Octave Of The Nativity, Cl II 

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Christmas Day, Antiphons for the day (one per nocturn) with psalms of Wednesday; readings and chapter of the day.

Lauds to Vespers: See MD 103*.

Thursday 30  - Sixth Day Within The Octave Of The Nativity, Cl II 

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Christmas Day, Antiphons for the day (one per nocturn) with psalms of Thursday; readings and chapter of the day.

Lauds to Vespers: See MD 103*.

Friday 31  - Seventh Day Within The Octave Of The Nativity, Cl II 

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn of Christmas Day, Antiphons for the day (one per nocturn) with psalms of Friday; readings and chapter of the day.

Lauds to None: See MD 103*.  At Lauds, commemoration of St Sylvester, MD 103*-104*.

I Vespers of the Octave of the Nativity: See MD 104*ff

Sunday, November 21, 2010

Some possible principles for interpreting the Benedictine Rule...

I've been pondering for some time what the appropriate principles for interpreting the Benedictine Rule might be if one approached it from the perspective of a hermeneutic of continuity, as opposed to the evident discontinuity that has largely prevailed for the last several decades. 

And I've finally been spurred into posting on this having seen a commentary which touches on some of these issues.

Let me say that these are a first draft only, and I'd very much appreciate reactions and debate on them.  If there proves to be interest, I may elaborate on each of them in subsequent posts.

May they prove of assistance at least in stimulating thought!

1. The Rule is a providential encapsulation of spirituality and legislation

That St Benedict wrote when he did, and that his Rule came to dominate Europe, was not happenstance, but rather part of God’s providential plan.

As Pope Benedict XVI has repeatedly emphasized, God works through history; the history of the Church is the history of his saints.

One can’t therefore properly read the Rule solely in terms of how it differs from other contemporary or prior Rules, or decide that certain parts are in some way contingent since they would have been different if they had been written fifty years earlier or later.  Thus, historico-critical analysis of the Rule may be interesting - but it cannot be the be all and end all of its interpretation.  And above all, it should not be pursued at the expense of the "post-history" of the use of the Rule (or parts of it). 

2. That said, the legislative aspects of the Rule can be modified

The Rule itself allows the abbot to adapt and mitigate its provisions, both to the time and place, and in order to the needs of individual monks.

Canon law and the law of the land have also overridden parts of the Rule – the procedures around the noviciate and priests for example in relation to canon law; the law of the land and corporal punishment.

And the experience of the Order over the centuries has led to the effective replacement of some of its provisions (through 'declarations' and Constitutions) in accordance with monastic custom and the history of particular monasteries or congregations – the separate kitchen and dining room for the abbot and his guests for example, number and content of meals, use of individual cells instead of a dormitory. 

In addition, the Rule itself provides detailed prescriptions in some areas, mere sketches in others.  The details have always had to be filled in through customaries, liturgical books and so forth.

In the terminology favoured by historians in relation to the period immediately after St Benedict, in practice, all monasteries today, traditionalist, conservative and liberal alike, effectively follow a "mixed Rule" of one type or another.

3. The Rule has to be read as a unified whole

St Benedict prescribed a regimen for his monks that involved a balance between the liturgy (Opus Dei), sacred reading, and work. He certainly emphasizes to the priority of the Opus Dei.

But within the context of that balance.

And within the context of the general principles of moderation and adaptation to the circumstances and place, as well as individual capacities that he reiterates throughout the Rule.

It is important too, to read the Rule against the background of the Life of St Benedict by Pope Gregory I (and see below for Pope Benedict's comments on this).  The Life is traditionally regarded as one of the foundational texts of the Order, and it provides a useful perspective on the way the life is actually to be lived.

4. The primary criterion for interpreting the Rule is how it has been understood down through history.

The Rule should be interpreted in the context of the history of the Benedictine Order, adopting a "hermeneutic of continuity".

The history of monasticism prior to St Benedict will obviously throw light on it, so will the evidence of St Benedict’s contemporaries, as well as later reactions to in the form of the traditions of other religious orders.  Interpretation of the Rule in the light of the great Franciscan or Dominican or Carmelite writers, for example, could well be of interest to members of those Orders as a way of  appropriating a spiritual classic into their tradition.  It may well also throw up insights that will be of interest to Benedictines.

But to learn how to be good Benedictines, the primary lens must surely be the Order’s own patrimony: read the great commentaries of the past on the Rule first and foremost; the great sermons; the great mystical works and so forth.

Pope Benedict XVI has put this point as follows:

“Charisms are bestowed by the Holy Spirit, who inspires founders and foundresses, and shapes Congregations with a subsequent spiritual heritage. The wondrous array of charisms proper to each Religious Institute is an extraordinary spiritual treasury. Indeed, the history of the Church is perhaps most beautifully portrayed through the history of her schools of spirituality, most of which stem from the saintly lives of founders and foundresses.”

5. The way the Rule is approached must be different for those living in community and those in the world

There is something to Dom David Knowles' proposition that the starting point for a monk in interpreting the Rule will be a presumption in favour of a literal reading of the Rule's provisions (but then allowing for changes and adaptations in the light of custom and the times); the starting point for an oblate will be a spiritual reading.

It is an obvious but perhaps often overlooked point, for example, that the Rule clearly states that it is written for monks living in a community under the authority of an abbot. Many of its concrete legislative provisions depend on the judgment of the abbot on a day-to-day basis. A lay person who thinks that he can simply be his own abbot needs to reread Chapter One of the Rule.

Thus, a lay oblate living in the world cannot be considered to be subject to the concrete legislative provisions of the Rule except to the extent that the constitutions or understandings of the community to which he made his oblation bind him (supplemented by any Rule of Life drawn up in consultation with his spiritual director).  It is the spirituality of the Rule they are committing themselves to following, and its practical requirements must be adapted to take account of the duties of state of life and the need to maintain an appropriate balance between the different elements of Benedictine life....

Friday, November 19, 2010

Pope Benedict: Five reasons for doing lectio divina....

Lectio Divina is of course central to Benedictine spirituality, with several hours a day of prayerful reading of Scripture and other spiritual texts required of monks in the Rule.

And it is also one of the central themes of Pope Benedict XVI's Apostolic Exhortation Verbum Domini.  Scattered through the document are the reasons why lectio is so crucial.  Here is my summation of the reasons he sets out for why we should do lectio divina.

1.  To please God by listening to him. Pope quotes Origen: “Do your reading with the intent of believing in and pleasing God.”

2.  To build the Church as a community.  "While it is a word addressed to each of us personally, it is also a word which builds community, which builds the Church...The reading of the word of God… enables us to deepen our sense of belonging to the Church, and helps us to grow in familiarity with God.”

3.  To nourish and sustain us 'on our journey of penance and conversion': through it, we grow in love and truth.

4.  In order to discern God’s will for us, and convert us: “Contemplation aims at creating within us a truly wise and discerning vision of reality, as God sees it, and at forming within us “the mind of Christ” (1 Cor 2:16).

The Pope particularly recommends lectio divina to seminarians because: “It is in the light and strength of God’s word that one’s specific vocation can be discerned and appreciated, loved and followed, and one’s proper mission carried out…”  Lay people to should be trained, he urges, “to discern God’s will through a familiarity with his word, read and studied in the Church under the guidance of her legitimate pastors.”

He goes on: "Saint Paul tells us: “Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that you may prove what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect ” (12:2). The word of God appears here as a criterion for discernment: it is “living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and spirit, of joints and marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart” (Heb 4:12).”, and “….by nourishing the heart with thoughts of God, so that faith, as our response to the word, may become a new criterion for judging and evaluation persons and things, events and issues”….”

5.  For the spiritual benefit of others. First, to equip us to fulfill the duty of all Christians to evangelize, contributing to the Churches mission to convert the whole world to Christ. And secondly to aid the souls in purgatory through the Church's offer of indulgences for Scripture reading and certain Scripturally based prayers (such as the Office), which teach us that “to whatever degree we are united in Christ, we are united to one another, and the supernatural life of each one can be useful for the others ”

Tuesday, November 16, 2010

Gueranger's Manual for Oblates - Part III

I've been putting up selections from Dom Gueranger's nineteenth century manual for Oblates.  Here is the next part of Chapter 1.

"In order, therefore, to aid in the preservation and to promote the growth of the Catholic spirit, whose outward expression the foregoing pages have described, an Association has been formed, the members of which, to promote the honour of God and secure their own fidelity, will be attentive to observe the following practices:

Attend High Mass

On Sundays and Festivals they will attend, by preference, High Mass, in the churches where it is celebrated with the ecclesiastical chant and ritual.

Should they find inconvenience in communicating at a late hour, they will make their Communion previously, at an early Mass. They will attentively follow all the rites and ceremonies performed by the priests and attendants at the altar, will do their best by previous study and consideration to enter into their meaning, and thus meritoriously qualify themselves for the fuller reception of the grace implanted in them by the Holy Spirit. [Let them, so to speak, not be satisfied with merely inhaling the fragrance, but let them also gather the honey from these flowers of the garden of the Church.]

They will follow the ecclesiastical chant by the aid, if needful, of translations of the formularies, and they will avoid distracting their attention from the holy mysteries by other books of devotion, etc., which may be excellent, perhaps, at other times, but which at these moments would be harmful, by keeping them apart from the sacred Liturgy.

Attendance at the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is the act of piety to which, of all others, they will attach the highest importance. There, wherein is renewed the Sacred Passion of Our Lord, they will offer to God the Divine Victim, in union with the Church, for the four ends of Adoration, Thanksgiving, Propitiation, and Petition. On the days when they do not communicate they will make a spiritual Communion at the moment when the priest is making the Sacramental Communion, and for this they will prepare themselves by the act of contrition and offering of themselves to God.

The Divine Office

Next to the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, they will esteem nothing so much as the Divine office, by which the Church renders to God her continual homage in the canonical hours. On Sundays and festivals they will gladly be present at Vespers and Compline, and will endeavour, as far as it may be possible for them, to join with Holy Church in the chanting of her psalms and hymns. Let them be especially thankful to God if He should give them grace to take delight in the Psalter, remembering that, in the ages of faith, it was most frequently through the psalms that God was pleased to communicate with souls. They will prefer those churches in which the Divine Office is celebrated according to ecclesiastical rule, such as the cathedral or any other. Even in their private devotions they will take pleasure in using the prayers of the Church to express their needs and aspirations.

Adoration

They will earnestly desire to unite themselves to God by mental prayer; and in this they will he powerfully assisted by their union with the Church in the sacred Liturgy. The different seasons of the Church’s year will bring before them the mysteries which are the groundwork of piety and the source of the true spirit of prayer. They will often visit Our Lord in the holy Tabernacle, and will not fail to appreciate their happiness whenever they are able to be present at Benediction, to receive the blessing of the most holy Sacrament."

Saturday, November 13, 2010

November 14: Twenty-fifth Sunday after Pentecost


The Scripture readings for Matins this Sunday, to which the Magnificat antiphon for I Vespers alludes (though it is not Scriptural) are from Hosea, the first of the 'minor prophets' in the Bible, and who preached around the year 750 BC.

Pope Benedict XVI wrote in his encyclical Deus Caritas Est, “The Prophets, particularly Hosea and Ezekiel, described God's passion for his people using boldly erotic images. God's relationship with Israel is described using the metaphors of betrothal and marriage; idolatry is thus adultery and prostitution. … The history of the love-relationship between God and Israel consists, at the deepest level, in the fact that he gives her the Torah, thereby opening Israel's eyes to man's true nature and showing her the path leading to true humanism.”

The Canticle antiphons for Sunday itself come from those for the Sixth Sunday after Epiphany, and refer to the Gospel for Sunday, Matthew 13: 31-35, the parables of the mustard seed and the leaven.

Wednesday, November 10, 2010

Question: Why does the numbering of the psalms in the Diurnal differ from my Bible?

I've had a question from a reader that I suspect puzzles many people, so I thought I'd answer it here.

The question is: Why does the numbering of psalms in the Monastic Diurnal often diverge from that in many contemporary Bibles?

On the psalm numbering, basically the problem is that there isn't really any set numbering or versification in the book of psalms, so later manuscripts have added it in for convenience sake, and there are (at least) two distinct traditions on how to divide up the psalms.

Psalm numbering

In some cases the appropriate divisions between psalms is reasonably obvious, for example because there are 'titles' to the psalms (not used for liturgical purposes).

But the split of a number of psalms differs between the 'Hebrew Bible' (Maseoretic Text manuscript tradition) which forms the basis of many modern translations (and protestant Bibles), and the Greek Septuagint (the translation made a few centuries before Christ).  In some cases the Septuagint provides different titles as well, possibly reflecting different manuscript traditions.

The 'Vulgate' of the traditional psalter basically follows the Septuagint, but most modern Bibles follow the Hebrew Bible, hence the differences in numbering.


There has been debate on which tradition is better going back to the time of St Jerome when he made his series of translations into Latin (St Jerome preferred the Hebrew base texts, but made several versions including from the Greek; St Augustine preferred the Greek).  For centuries the Church stuck with the Greek as its base text for the psalms, partly because of its Greek liturgical tradition in the Church, and partly because of the heavy use of the Septuagint by the NT writers (and the book of psalms is the most quoted of Old Testament books in the New).

The neo-Vulgate now used as the official base text for translations into the vernacular however, has adopted the Hebrew psalm numbering system, presumably for ecumenical reasons.


Aligning psalm numbers

The way it works is as follows:

Psalms numbers 1-8 and 148-150 are the same in both systems.

Vulgate 9, 10 = Hebrew 9

Vulgate 113 = Hebrew 114, 115

Vulgate 146, 147 = Hebrew 147

So for Vulgate psalms 10 – 112, add one number to get Hebrew number (ie 11-113)

So for Vulgate psalms 116-145, add one to get Hebrew number.

Verse references

Note that verse references too vary between versions - the Vulgate of the psalter has been divided up into readily singable lines, but this sometimes cuts across the natural flow of the verses, used in Bible versions intended for other purposes.

Saturday, November 6, 2010

'Third' Sunday of November/Twenty-fourth Sunday after Pentecost

November suffers from the strange phenomenon this year of leaping straight to week three in terms of its Matins readings, and hence I Vespers canticle antiphon.  This is not entirely an artifact of the 1960 rubrics, but rather reflects the fact that the first week of November used to be the Octave of All Saints, which had its own patristic readings.

As a result the winter three readings schema for Matins in the Benedictine Office starts this week rather than last week (thanks to the person who pointed this out to me).

The Scriptural readings for Matins are from the Book of Daniel, but in fact the canticle antiphon this week, 'Muros tuos' (Surround us O Lord with thy impregnable wall) is not scriptural.  It is though a lovely image, and one that was frequently used until modern theologians decided that walls meant not protection but ghettos....



We are also into that slightly odd end of the liturgical year phenomenon when the texts used to make up the requisite number of Sundays are the ones missed from the time after Epiphany last year due to the date of Easter, thus though we are twenty four Sundays after Pentecost, the collect and antiphons for this Sunday are actually those of the fifth Sunday after Epiphany.  Accordingly, the canticle antiphons refer to Matthew 13:24-30, the parable of the sower.

Sunday, October 31, 2010

Commemoration of All Hallows Eve


Today used to be the Vigil of All Saints (aka Halloween), a night when traditionally the veil between Earth and purgatory thinned, the dead could come back to request prayers, and devils could appear to remind us of the reality of hell.  These days we are all a bit too PC for that!

And liturgically this year, All Saints doesn't even get a First Vespers, displaced by the Feast of Christ the King.  

It is however commemorated at Vespers of Sunday, so I thought a reminder on how to do that might be in order.

So after you have said the collect for the feast in the concluding prayers of Vespers, say the Magnificat antiphon, versicle and collect that would otherwise have been said at I Vespers of All Saints, that is:
  • Angeli, archangeli/O ye angels...from MD [330];
  • Laetamini in Domino/Be glad in the Lord... MD [330]; and
  • Omnipotens sempiterne Deus/Almighty.....MD [331]