Monday, June 28, 2010

Traditional Benedictine Ordo for July 2010

As always the Benedictine Ordo according to the general calendar for the Order, and rubrics approved in 1961/2, with page references to the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey, 2004.

You will of course need to add in any local feasts celebrated in your monastery, parish, diocese and country. Where appropriate, cross-references have been made to the Roman Extraordinary Form calendar (REF) - note however that these references are not comprehensive, but merely intended as aids for those attending the EF mass.

July is 'time throughout the year', so use the antiphons and texts indicated under that heading in the psalter, unless they are displaced by a feast as indicated below.

Note also that to print the Ordo, a quick and effective method is to copy it into a word processing document, then change all of the text colour to black.

Please do let me know if you have any queries or corrections.

Thursday 1 July – Class IV [REF: Most Precious Precious Blood, Class I]

All as for Thursday throughout the year in the psalter with the collect of the Fifth Sunday PP, MD 464*

Friday 2 July – Visitation of the BVM, Class II

See MD [180] ff

At Prime: antiphon Exsurgens Maria

Saturday 3 July – Saturday of Our Lady, SS Processus and Martinian, Martyrs, Memorial [REF: St Irenaeus, Class III]

MD (129) ff; at Lauds, after the collect, MD [184] for the Commemoration.

I Vespers of the Sixth Sunday after Pentecost, MD 446-7*

Sunday 4 July – Sixth Sunday after Pentecost, Class II

Psalm schema 1: 50,117, 62; Hymn: Ecce iam noctis.

For canticle antiphons and collect see MD 465-6*

Monday 5 July – Class IV

All as in the psalter for Monday/throughout the year, collect of Sunday MD 466*

Tuesday 6 July – Class IV

Collect of Sunday MD 466*

Wednesday 7 July – Class IV [REF: SS Cyril and Methodius, Class III]

Collect of Sunday MD 466*

Thursday 8 July – Class IV [REF: St Elizabeth, Class III]

Collect of Sunday MD 466*

Friday 9 July – Class IV [**in some places: SS John Fisher, bishop and Thomas More, Martyrs, Class I]

Collect of Sunday MD 466*

**See MD40**

Saturday 10 July – Saturday of Our Lady [REF: Seven Holy Brothers; Rufinea and Secunda, Class III]

MD (129)ff

I Vespers of the Seventh Sunday, MD 447* or of St Benedict (see below), MD [184]ff

Sunday 11 July – [Seventh Sunday after Pentecost, Class II] ** (Translation of the Relics of) St Benedict, Patron of Europe, Class I

Note: The Solemnity of St Benedict is a first class first in Europe, many monasteries and many other places, but where it is second class, it is superseded by the Sunday. For St Benedict: MD [185] ff.

For the Seventh Sunday, MD 466-7*

Monday 12 July – St John Gualbert OSB, Abbot, Memorial

Collect of the Sunday, MD 467*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [193]

Tuesday 13 July - Class IV

Collect of the Sunday, MD 467*

Wednesday 14 July – St Bonaventure, Bishop, Confessor and Doctor, Class III

See MD [193] ff.  At Terce to None, chapter etc from the Common.

Thursday 15 July – Class IV [REF: St Henry II, Confessor, Class III]

Collect of the Sunday, MD 467*

Friday 16 July - Class IV [**Our Lady of Einsiedeln, Class I]

Collect of the Sunday, MD 467*

**See MD 41**

Saturday 17 July – Our Lady on Saturday, St Leo IV, OSB Pope and Confessor, Memorial [**in some places, St Andrew Svoradi and Benedict, Marytrs, Class I][REF: St Alexis, Confessor, Memorial]

MD (129)ff; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [194]

**See MD 42**

I Vespers of the 8th Sunday PP, MD 448*

Sunday 18 July – Eighth Sunday after Pentecost, Class II

See MD 467-8* for canticle antiphons and collect

Monday 19 July – St Vincent de Paul, Memorial

Collect of the Sunday, MD 467-8*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [195]

Tuesday 20 July – SS Jerome Aemilian, Joseph Calanctius and John Baptist de la Salle, Confessors, Memorial

Collect of the Sunday, MD 467-8*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [195-6]

Wednesday 21 July – Class IV [REF: St Lawrence Brindisi, Class III]

Collect of the Sunday, MD 467-8*

Thursday 22 July – St Mary Magdalen, Class III (**in some places, Class II)

See MD [196]ff

Friday 23 July - St Apollinaris, Bishop and Martyr, Memorial

Collect of the Sunday, MD 467-8*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [200]

Saturday 24 July - Saturday of Our Lady

MD (129) ff

I Vespers of Sunday, MD 448*

Sunday 25 July - Ninth Sunday after Pentecost; commemoration of St James, Apostle

MD 468-9* for the canticle antiphons and collect.

At Lauds and Vespers, make a commemoration of St James, Apostle, with collect MD [201], versicle and antiphons from Common of Apostles, MD (9).

Monday 26 July – SS Joachim and Anne, Parents of the BVM, Class III

See MD [201]ff - at Prime, antiphon Nomen sempiternum.

Tuesday 27 July – Class IV

Collect of the Sunday, MD 469*

Wednesday 28 July – Class IV

Collect of the Sunday, MD 469*

Thursday 29 July – SS Felix, Simplicius, Faustinus and Beatrice, Martyrs, Memorial [REF: St Martha]

Collect of the Sunday, MD 469*; for the commemoration at Lauds MD [207-8]

Friday 30 July – SS Abdon and Sennen, Martyrs, Memorial

Collect of the Sunday, MD 469*; for the commemoration at Lauds MD [208]

Saturday 31 July – St Ignatius, Confessor, Class III [**Class I]

See MD [209].  At Terce to None, chapter etc from the Common.

**See MD 42**I Vespers of the first Sunday of August (Tenth PP), MD 451*

Saturday, June 26, 2010

Notes on the traditional Benedictine calendar for the week of 27 June

Thank you to all those who provided feedback on my last post.  I've decided, subject to any further feedback, to keep these occasional notes (with no commitment on how regular they will be, but I'll try!) mostly to background information on the feasts and texts of the week, and provide any supplemental rubrical information in the Ordo or another post.

Sat 26 – I Vespers of the Fifth Sunday after Pentecost

The Magnificat antiphon is the funeral ode spoken by David, as recorded in II Samuel I, when he learns of the tragic death of his close friend Jonathan (killed in battle with the Philistines) and his father King Saul (who allowed himself to be slain by his enemies in his grief).

Sun 27 - Fifth Sunday after Pentecost

The Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons are taken from the Gospel set for today, part of the Sermon on the Mount, in Matthew 5.

Mon 28 - Vigil of SS Peter and Paul, Class II; Tuesday 29, Feast of SS Peter and Paul, Class I

The Feast of St Peter (with St Paul along for the ride!) is naturally one of the biggest in the Church's calendar, with a Vigil (traditionally a fast day) and subsequent commemoration. Prior to the rash of liturgical reforms of 50s and early 60s it also had an octave.

The picture left is one of the newly discovered, oldest icons of St Peter in existence (picture AP Photo/Pier Paolo Cito).

Wed 30 – Commemoration of St Paul, Apostle, Class III

Because the texts for the main feast day naturally concentrate on St Peter, St Paul gets more of a focus today.  Though called a 'commemoration' it is in fact a third class feast with its own antiphons, and festal psalms at Lauds and Vespers, reflecting the importance of the Apostle to the Gentiles. Note also that collects for both St Paul and St Peter are said today under one ending.

Thurs 1 – Class IV [Roman EF: Most Precious Precious Blood]

Today is one of those relatively rare, slightly odd days when the Benedictine 1963 calendar fails to follow the Roman in relation to a first class feast.  Those who do wish to celebrate the Feast of the Most Precious Bood have a number of options.  If you have a Monastic Antiphonale, music and texts for the feast (from I Vespers onwards) can be found in it under feasts of July.  Alternatively a Liber Usualis (available online) will give you most of the necessary texts, save for the responsory (just omit the fourth antiphon at Vespers and use the Sunday festal psalms at Lauds and I&II Vespers).   You could also raid the online version of the Roman Breviary for necessary texts.

Fri 2 – Visitation of the BVM, Class II


Today's feast is of the Visitation of Our Lady to her cousin Elizabeth, chronicled in Luke I.

Sat 3 – Saturday of Our Lady, SS Processus and Martinian, Martyrs, Memorial [EF: St Irenaeus, Class III]

The saints for today take us back to the feast of SS Peter and Paul - SS Processus and Martinian were traditionally thought to be Roman prison guards set to guard SS Peter and Paul, baptised by St Peter using a miraculous font of water that appeared in the prison, and then martyred with them.  The story has been discredited however, though they are still accepted as early martyrs.

Sunday, June 20, 2010

Notes on the Ordo for the week starting 19 June 2010

Herewith a few notes on the Office this week - this may or may not become a regular feature depending on whether or not people find it useful (let me know), and how much time it takes to compile.  All page references are to the Monastic Diurnal (Farnborough edition).

Please do let me know if you find (or think there may be) any mistakes in the Ordo or notes.

The season is currently 'time throughout the year', so select all antiphons etc accordingly.

Saturday June 19 – I Vespers of the Fourth Sunday after Pentecost

The Magnificat antiphon (MD 445*) refers to the readings for Matins, I Samuel 17, which starts the story of David and Goliath.

Sunday June 20 – Fourth Sunday after Pentecost, Class II

At Lauds use the first psalm schema (Ps 50, 117, 62) and Hymn Ecce Iam Noctis.

The Benedictus and Magnificat antiphons (MD 463-4*) refer to the Gospel set for this Sunday, Luke 5.

All the rest is as for Sundays throughout the year.

Mon 21 – St Aloysius Gonzaga, Confessor, Memorial

Saint Aloysius Gonzaga (1568 - 1591) was an Italian Jesuit.  You can read about his life here.  For the commemoration at Lauds (made after the collect for the week, from Sunday at MD 464*), see MD [157].

All the rest is as for Mondays throughout the year.

Tuesday June 22 – Class IV

All as for Tuesdays throughout the year, with the collect of the previous Sunday, MD 464*.

Wed 23 – Vigil of St John the Baptist, Class II


St John the Baptist is regarded as the last of the Old Testament prophets; he is the only saint apart from Our Lady whose earthly birth, by virtue of its significance in foreshadowing that of Our Lord's,  is celebrated in the calendar. 

The Office today (up until Vespers) is said as for a Wednesday throughout the year, but instead of the Sunday collect, the collect for the day, set out on MD [158] is used.  Vespers is I Vespers for the feast - psalms are from the Common of Apostles, MD (2)ff, with antiphons and proper texts from MD [159] ff.

Thurs 24 – Nativity of St John the Baptist, Class I


At Lauds, use the festal psalms of Sunday (PS 92 etc) with the antiphons and other texts set out at MD [161] ff.  At Prime use the first antiphon at Lauds, and the rest as set out in the Diurnal.  At Vespers, use the antiphons from Lauds (omitting the fourth) with the psalms from the Common of Apostles.

Fri 25 – Class IV

All as for Fridays throughout the year, with collect of Sunday, MD 464*.

Sat 26 – Saturday of Our Lady; SS John and Paul, Martyrs, memorial


The rubrics and antiphons etc for the Office Of Our Lady on Saturday are set out in the Diurnal at MD (129) ff.  After the collect at Lauds (MD (131), make a commemoration of the saints, early martyrs under the reign of Julian the Apostate.  Their tombs were found below the Church dedicated to them in Rome, pictured left.

Tuesday, June 15, 2010

Ordo for November 2010

Herewith the Benedictine Ordo according to the general calendar for the Order, and rubrics approved in 1961/2, with page references to the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey, 2004

You will of course need to add in any local feasts celebrated in your monastery, parish, diocese and country. Where appropriate, cross-references have been made to the Roman Extraordinary Form calendar (REF) - note however that these references are not comprehensive, but merely intended as aids for those attending the EF mass.

November in liturgical time

November is 'time throughout the year' up until November 28, so use the antiphons and texts indicated under that heading in the psalter, unless they are displaced by a feast as indicated below. 

For Advent rubrics, see the notes here.

Please do let me know if you have any queries or corrections.

Monday 1 November - All Saints, Class I

See MD [331]ff - antiphons and other texts of the feast with festal psalms (at Vespers, psalms of the Common of Martyrs)

Tues 2 – All Souls, Class I

See MD [337] – Lauds and Vespers of the Dead from (163) with the additional prayers set out for the feast.

Note that at Prime to None the usual Deus in adjutorium, hymn and antiphon are omitted; see the instructions MD [338]ff.

Compline begins with the examination of conscience and Confiteor, and includes the Nunc Dimittis, MD [342]

Wed 3 – Class IV [REF – St Martin of Pores, Memorial, **in some places, St Winifred]

All as in the psalter for Wednesday with the collect of the Sunday, MD 482* (from 23rd Sunday PP)

Thurs 4 – St Charles Borromeo, Bishop and Confessor, Memorial

All as in the psalter with the collect of the Sunday, MD 482*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD[344]

Fri 5 – Class IV

All as in the psalter with the collect of the Sunday, MD 482* (from 23rd Sunday PP)

Sat 6 – Saturday of Our Lady

MD (129)ff

I Vespers of 24th Sunday/Third Sunday of November, MD 460*; collect MD 485*

Sun 7 – 24th Sunday after Pentecost

as for the Fifth Sunday remaining after Epiphany, MD 485*

Mon 8 – The Four Crowned, Martyrs, Memorial

All as in the psalter with the collect of the Sunday, MD 485*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [345]

Tues 9 – Dedication of the Archbasilica of the Most Holy Saviour (St John Lateran), Class II

See MD [345] – all as in the Common for the dedication of a Church, MD (114)

Wed 10 – St Theodore, Martyr, Memorial

All as in the psalter, with collect of Sunday, MD 485*; at Lauds, make a commemoration, MD [346]

Thurs 11 – St Martin of Tours, Bishop and Confessor, Class II

See MD [346]ff

Fri 12 – St Mennas, Martyr, Memorial [REF: St Martin, Pope, Martyr, Class III]

All as in the psalter, with collect of Sunday, MD 485*; At Lauds make a commemoration MD [352]

Sat 13 – All Saints of the Benedictine Order, Class II [REF: St Didacus, Confessor, Class III]

See MD [353]ff

I Vespers of the fourth Sunday of November, MD 460*, collect MD 486*

Sunday November 14 – 25th Sunday after Pentecost

All as for the Sixth Sunday after Epiphany, MD 486*

Mon 15 – All Souls of the Benedictine Order, Class II (transferred from previous day)

See MD [353]ff.

Note that the rubrics provide two options: the Office as said on All Souls Day at all hours, with particular collects for today, or the Office of the Day immediately followed by the Office of the Dead (Matins, Lauds and Vespers).  If taking the latter option, make a commemoration of St Albert at Lauds of the day.

Tues 16 – feria [REF: St Gertrude, Virgin, Class III]

All as in the psalter with the collect of Sunday, MD 486*

Wed 17 – St Gertrude the Great OSB, Class III (Class II for nuns) [REF: St Gregory Thaumaturgus, Bishop, Confessor, Class III;**in some places, St Hilda, Virgin]

See MD [363]ff

Thurs 18 – Dedication of the Basilicas of SS Peter and Paul, Class III

See MD [371].  Prime to None, use antiphons and proper texts from Common for the Dedicatin fo a Church, MD (117).

Fri 19 – Class IV [REF: St Elizabeth, Widow]

All as in the psalter with the collect of Sunday, MD 486*

Sat 20 – Saturday of Our Lady [**In some places: St Mechtild OSB, Class III **St Edward, King and Martyr, Class III ;REF: St Felix of Valois, Confessor, Class III]

MD (129)ff

For St Edmund see MD 58**

I Vespers of the fifth Sunday of November, MD 461*; Collect MD 487*

Sunday November 21 – Last ('24th') Sunday after Pentecost, Class II

MD 487*

Mon 22 – St Caecilia, Virgin and Martyr, Class III

See MD [373]ff

Tues 23 – St Clement I, Pope and Martyr, Class III; St Felicitas, memorial

See MD [377]ff

Wed 24 – St John of the Cross, Confessor and Doctor, Memorial

Collect of Sunday, MD 487*; for the commemoration see MD [382-3]

Thurs 25 – St Catherine, Virgin and Martyr, memorial

Collect of Sunday, MD 487*; for the commemoration see MD [383-4]

Fri 26 – St Sylvester OSB, Abbot, Memorial

Collect of Sunday, MD 487*; for the commemoration see MD [384]

Sat 27 – Saturday of Our Lady

MD (129)ff

First Vespers for Sunday I in Advent – MD 1*ff

Compline: Marian antiphon Alma Redemptoris Mater (used from here on until 1 Feb)

Sunday November 28 – First Sunday of Advent, Class I

MD4*ff

Mon 29 – Class III; St Saturninus, memorial

See notes on the Ordinary of the Ferial Office in Advent, MD 9*

Matins: Advent invitatory antiphon and hymn; readings for Monday week I of Advent.


Lauds: Chapter, responsory and hymn for Advent, MD 9*; Benedictus antiphon, MD 17*; MD 11* ; St Saturninus, memorial, MD [385]

Prime: Antiphon for Advent Wk I (Iucundare/Be glad), MD 13*

Terce to None: Antiphons for Advent Wk I, MD 13*-15*; Chapter and versicle for Advent (MD 14* or psalter); Collect of the week, MD 11*.

Vespers: Chapter, responsory, hymn and versicle of Advent, MD 15*- 17*; Magnificat antiphon for Monday, Advent Wk I, MD 17*; Collect MD 11*

Tues 30 - St Andrew, Apostle, Class II

See MD [2]; make a commemoration of the feria at Lauds and Vespers.

Matins: Invitatory antiphon and hymn from Common of Apostles; antiphons for the feast with psalms from common of Apostles; readings for all three nocturns for the feast.


Lauds: See MD [2]ff; Proper antiphons and other texts for the feast with festal psalms.

After the collect of the feast, make a commemoration of the Advent day, using the Benedictus antiphon for Tuesday Wk I (MD 17*), versicle for Advent (MD11*), and collect for wk I (MD 11*).

Prime to None: antiphon and other proper texts for the feast, MD [6].

Vespers: See MD [7] ff:

Antiphons from Lauds, omitting the fourth with psalms from Common of Apostles, MD (13);
Chapter & hymn from Lauds;
responsory, versicle and Magnificat antiphon, MD [7].
after the collect of the feast, make a commemoration of the Advent day, using the Magnificat antiphon for Tuesday Wk I (MD 17*), versicle for Advent (MD17*), and collect for wk I (MD 11*).

Ordo for October 2010

Herewith the Benedictine Ordo according to the general calendar for the Order, and rubrics approved in 1961/2, with page references to the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey, 2004.

You will of course need to add in any local feasts celebrated in your monastery, parish, diocese and country. Where appropriate, cross-references have been made to the Roman Extraordinary Form calendar (REF) - note however that these references are not comprehensive, but merely intended as aids for those attending the EF mass.

October is 'time throughout the year', so use the antiphons and texts indicated under that heading in the psalter, unless they are displaced by a feast as indicated below.  Note however that the hymn for Sunday Lauds changes this month.  Similarly, if you are singing the Office, you should change over to the winter or summer tones (if you are in the Southern Hemisphere) from I Vespers of Sunday 3 October onwards.

Please do let me know if you have any queries or corrections.


Friday 1 October - Class IV

Collect of the 18th Sunday, MD 477*

Saturday 2 October – The Holy Guardian Angels, Class III

See MD [291] ff for antiphons and proper texts.

First Vespers of Sunday I in October, MD 457*; Collect of 19th Sunday after Pentecost, MD 478*

Sunday 3 October – Nineteenth Sunday after Pentecost, Class II  with a memorial of St Teresa of the Child Jesus, *** in osme places Class I

At Matins: Readings and responsories for first Sunday of October

At Lauds: Hymn - Aeterne Reum Conditor; psalms 50, 117, 62;

Canticle antiphons and collect, MD 478*; commemoration, MD [297]

**MD 45**

Monday 4 October – St Francis, Confessor, Class III

See MD [298]

Lauds and Vespers: psalms and antiphons of the day with chapter etc from the Common;


Prime to None: antiphons other proper texts for from the Common of a Confessor, MD (78) with collect from MD [298].

Tuesday 5 October – SS Maurus and Placid, confessors, Disciples of St Benedict, Class III

See MD [299]ff


Lauds and Vespers: Festal psalms (of Sunday) with antiphons and propers from MD [299]ff

Prime to None: Antiphons and proper texts as set out MD [302] – [303]

Wednesday 6 October – St Bruno, Confessor, Memorial

All as in the psalter for Wednesday, with the collect of Sunday, MD 478*; at Lauds make a commemoration, MD [305]

Thursday 7 October – Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Class III

See MD [305]ff


Lauds: Festal psalms (of Sunday) with antiphons and propers from MD [307]ff

Prime to None: Antiphons from Lauds and proper texts, MD [310]-[304]

Vespers: Psalms from the Common of Feasts of Our Lady, MD (119) with antiphons and proper texts from MD [311] ff

Friday 8 October – Class IV [REF: St Brigid, Widow, Class III]

All as in the psalter for Friday, with the collect of Sunday, MD 478*

Saturday 9 October – Saturday of Our Lady [REF: ST John Leonard, Class III]

See MD (129)

Vespers: Second Sunday in October, MD 458*; collect of 20th Sunday after Pentecost, MD 479*

Sunday 10 October – Twentieth Sunday after Pentecost, Class II

At Matins: Readings and responsories for Second Sunday of October

At Lauds: Hymn - Aerterne Reum Conditor

Canticle antiphons and collect from MD 479*

Monday 11 October – Class IV [EF: Maternity of Our Lady, Class II]

Collect of Sunday, MD 479*

Tuesday 12 October – Class IV*** in some places, St Wilfrid OSB, Class III

Collect of Sunday, MD 479*

For St Wilfrid: MD 45**

Wednesday 13 October – Class IV [REF:]/***in some places, St Edward, King and Confessor, Class II

Collect of Sunday, MD 479*

For St Edward, see MD 45**

Thursday 14 October – St Callistus, Pope and Martyr, memorial [REF: Class III]

Collect of Sunday, MD 479*; at Lauds, make a commemoration of the saint, MD [314]

Friday 15 October – St Teresa, Virgin, Class III

At Lauds and Vespers, psalms and antiphons of the day with chapter, hymn etc from MD [315]ff.  At Prime to None, antiphons and propers from the Common.

Collect from MD [316]

Saturday 16 October – Saturday of Our Lady ***in some places, St Gall, Abbot [REF: ST Hedwig, Widow, Class III]

See MD (129)ff

For St Gall, see MD 46**ff

Vespers – Third Sunday of October, MD 458*; collect for 21st Sunday after Pentecost, MD 480*

Sunday 17 October – Twenty first Sunday after Pentecost, Class II

Canticle antiphons and collect, MD 480*

Monday 18 October – St Luke, Evangelist, Class II

All as for the Common of Apostles, MD (9), with collect from MD [317-8]

Tuesday 19 October – Class IV [REF: St Peter of Alcantara, Class III]

Collect of Sunday, MD 480*

Wednesday 20 October – Class IV [REF: St John Cantius, Class III]

Collect of Sunday, MD 480*

Thursday 21 October – St Hilarion, Abbot, Memorial

Collect of Sunday, MD 480*; At Lauds, make a commemoration, MD [318]

Friday 22 October – Class IV

Collect of Sunday, MD 480*

Saturday 23 October - Saturday of Our Lady [EF: St Antony Mary Claret Class III]

See MD (129)

Vespers – Fourth Sunday of October, MD 459*; collect for 22st Sunday after Pentecost, MD 481*

Sunday 24 October – Twenty Second Sunday after Pentecost, Class II***in some places, St Raphael, Class I

Canticle antiphons and collect, MD 481*

**MD 51**

Monday 25 October – SS Chrysanthus and Daria, Martyrs, Memorial

Collect of Sunday, MD 481; For the commemoration at Lauds, see MD [327]

Tuesday 26 October - Class IV

Collect of Sunday, MD 481

Wednesday 27 October – Class IV

Collect of Sunday, MD 481

Thursday 28 October– SS Simon and Jude, Apostles, Class II

All from the Common of Apostles (9), with collect from MD [327]

Friday 29 October - Class IV

Collect of Sunday, MD 481

Saturday 30 October – Saturday of Our Lady

See MD (129) ff

I Vespers of Christ the King, MD [318] ff

Sunday 31 October – Feast of Christ the King, Class I

See MD [322] ff

At Vespers, make a commemoration of All Saints, MD [331]

Ordo for September 2010

Herewith the Ordo for September, with page references to the Farnborough edition of the monastic diurnal (MD). REF = Roman Extraordinary Form.

Wednesday 1 September: Class IV [***In some places, St Vibiana; REF: Commemoration of St Giles, Abb; of 12 Holy Brothers, MM]

All as in the Office for Wednesday with the collect of the 14th Sunday, MD 473*

**For St Vibiana, see MD 43**

Thursday 2 September: Class IV [REF:St Stephen, K, Cf, 3rd class]

All as in the Office for Thursday with the collect of Sunday, MD 473*

Friday 3 September: St Pius X, Pope and Confessor, 3rd class [***In some places St Seraphia]

At Lauds and Vespers, psalms and antiphons of Thursday, with the rest from the Common of a Confessor Bishop, MD (64). 

Terce to None, chapter and versicle from the Common, MD (67). 

At all hours, collect from MD [258]

**For St Seraphia, MD 43**

Saturday 4 September: Saturday of Our Lady

Lauds to None: see MD (129) ff

Vespers: For Saturday with Magnificat antiphon for first week of September, MD 452-3*/collect of 15th Sunday after Pentecost, MD 474*

Sunday 5 September: Fifteenth Sunday after Pentecost, Class II

All as in the psalter for Sundays throughout the year. 

At Lauds, psalm schema 1 – 50, 117, 62 with hymn Ecce iam noctis.

Collect and canticle antiphons from MD 469-470*

As for Sunday throughout the year with canticle antiphons and collect from MD 474-5*

Monday 6 September: Class IV

All as in the Office for Monday throughout the year, with the collect of Sunday, MD 474-5*

Tuesday 7 September: Class IV [**In some places, St Cloud, Confessor, Class I]

All as in the Office for Tuesday throughout the year with the collect of Sunday, MD 474-5*

**For St Cloud, see MD [258]

Wednesday 8 September: Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Class II [REF: with a commemoration of St Hadrian, Martyr]

See rubrics from MD [259]ff.

At Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts for the feast (MD [259]ff) with festal (Sunday psalms, MD 44).

At Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, Nativitas, MD [259] with psalms etc of Wednesday.

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapters, versicle and collect of the feast, MD [262-3] with hymns and psalms for 'throughout the week'.

At Vespers, antiphons for the feast (MD [263]) with psalms and propers from the Common of Feasts of Our Lady, MD (119).

Thursday 9 September: St Gorgonius, Martyr, Memorial

All as in the Office for Thursday throughout the year with the collect of Sunday, MD 474-5*.

At Lauds, make a commemoration after the collect, using the texts from MD [264-5].

Friday 10 September: Class IV [REF: St Nicholas of Tolentino, Confessor, class III]

All as in the Office for Friday throughout the year, with the collect of Sunday, MD 474-5*.

Saturday 11 September: Saturday of Our Lady; SS Protus and Hyacinth, Martyrs, Memorial

Lauds to None: see MD (129)ff; at Lauds, make a commemoration using the texts from MD [265]

Vespers for Saturday with canticle antiphon for Second Sunday of September, MD 453*/Collect of 16th Sunday after Pentecost, MD 475*

Sunday 12 September: Sixteenth Sunday after Pentecost, Class II

All as in the psalter for Sundays throughout the year.

At Lauds, psalm schema 1 – 50, 117, 62 with hymn Ecce iam noctis.

Canticle antiphons and collect from MD 475-6*.

Monday 13 September: Class IV

All as in the Office for Monday throughout the year, with the collect of Sunday, MD 475*.

Tuesday 14 September – Exaltation of Holy Cross, Class II

See MD [266] for rubrics.

Lauds: Festal psalms (of Sunday) with antiphons and proper texts from MD [266]ff

Prime to None: Psalms of Tuesday with antiphons (O Magnum for Prime) and other texts for the feast, MD [269] ff

Vespers: Psalms of Sunday with an antiphons from Lauds (omit the fourth antiphon) and other texts from MD [270]ff

Wednesday 15 September – The Seven Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Class III (REF: Class II)

Lauds: Festal psalms (see Sunday) with antiphons and proper texts from MD [273]ff

Prime to None: Psalms for Wednesday with antiphons (at Prime, Quo abiit) and other texts for the feast, MD [276] ff

Vespers: Psalms from the Common of the BVM, MD (119) with antiphons from Lauds (omit the fourth antiphon) and other texts from MD [277]ff

Thursday 16 September – SS Cornelius, Pope and Cyprian, Bishop, Martyrs, memorial (REF: Class III with a memorial of SS Euphemia, Lucy and Geminian, Martyrs)

All as in the Office for Thursday throughout the year with the collect of Sunday, MD 475*; at Lauds make a commemoration of the saints, using the texts from MD [278]

Friday 17 September – St Hildegarde OSB, Virgin, memorial (REF: Commemoration of the Imprinting of the Stigmata of St Francis)

All as in the Office throughout the year with the collect of Sunday, MD 475*; at Lauds, make a commemoration of the saint using the texts from MD [278].

Saturday 18 September – Saturday of Our Lady (REF: St Joseph Cupertino, Class III)

Office of Saturday with antiphons etc from MD (129) ff

Vespers for Saturday with Magnificat antiphon for third Sunday of September, MD 453-4*/ Collect of 17th Sunday after Pentecost, MD 476*.

Sunday 19 September - Seventeenth Sunday after Pentecost, Class II

All as in the psalter for Sundays throughout the year.

At Lauds, psalm schema 1 – 50, 117, 62 with hymn Ecce iam noctis.

Canticle antiphons and collect from MD 476-7*

Monday 20 September – Class IV

All as in the Office for Monday throughout the year with the collect from MD 476*.

Tuesday 21 September: St Matthew, Apostle and Evangelist, class II

See MD [279] for rubrics.

Lauds: Festal psalms (MD 44) with antiphons etc from the Common of Apostles, MD (9), and collect from MD [279].

Prime: As for Tuesday Prime with antiphon 1 from Lauds, Hoc est (MD (9)).

Terce to None: As for throughout the year but with antiphon, chapter and versicle from the Common, MD (11-12) and collect for the saint, MD [279].

Vespers: As set out at MD (13)ff , with collect MD [279].

Wednesday 22 September: Ember Wednesday in September

All as in the Office for Wednesday throughout the year except for the canticle antiphons for Lauds and Vespers, and collect, which are at MD 454-5*.

At Lauds, make a commemoration of St Maurice and Companions, MD [280]

All prayers from the Our Father onwards are said kneeling.

Thursday 23 September: St Linus I, Pope and martyr, Memorial

All as for Thursday throughout the year with collect from MD 476*.

At Lauds make a commemoration, MD [280].

Friday 24 September: Ember Friday in September

All as for Friday throughout the year except for the canticle antiphons and collect from MD 455*; note prayers said kneeling.

Saturday 25 September: Ember Saturday in September, Class II

Lauds to None: All as for Saturday save Canticle antiphons and collect from MD 456*; note prayers said kneeling.

Vespers: All as for Saturday with Magnficat antiphon for fourth Sunday of September, MD 456-7*/Collect of 18th Sunday after Pentecost, MD 477*.

Sunday 26 September: Eighteenth Sunday after Pentecost

All as in the psalter for Sundays throughout the year.

At Lauds, psalm schema 1 – 50, 117, 62 with hymn Ecce iam noctis.

Canticle antiphons and collect from MD 477*

Monday 27 September: SS Cosmas and Damian, Martyrs, Memorial [REF: Class III]

All as for Monday throughout the year with collect from MD 477*.

At Lauds, make a commemoration of the saints, MD [281]

Tuesday 28 September: Class IV [REF: S Wenceslaus, Class III]

Lauds to None: All as for Tuesday throughout the year with collect from MD 477*.

Vespers: I Vespers of St Michael, see MD [282].

Wednesday 29 September: The Dedication of St Michael the Archangel, class I

All as set out in MD [284]ff.

Lauds: Festal psalms (MD 44) with antiphons etc from MD [284]ff

Prime: As for Wednesday with antiphon 1 from Lauds, Stetit Angelus

Terce to None: As for throughout the week with antiphon, chapter, versicle and collect for the feast, MD [287-8]

Vespers: see notes on MD [288]ff

Thursday 30 September: St Jerome, Priest, Confessor and Doctor, class III

At Lauds and Vespers: psalms and antiphons of Thursday, the rest from the common of a confessor not a bishop, MD (78); collect from MD [290].

Terce to None: chapter etc from the Common.

Ordo for August 2010

The Benedictine Ordo according to the general calendar for the Order, and rubrics approved in 1961/2, with page references to the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey, 2004.

You will of course need to add in any local feasts celebrated in your monastery, parish, diocese and country. Where appropriate, cross-references have been made to the Roman Extraordinary Form calendar (REF) - note however that these references are not comprehensive, but merely intended as aids for those attending the EF mass.

August is 'time throughout the year', so use the antiphons and texts indicated under that heading in the psalter, unless they are displaced by a feast as indicated below.

Please do let me know if you have any queries or corrections.

Sunday August 1 - Tenth Sunday after Pentecost, Class II

All as in the psalter (psalm schema 1 – 50, 117, 62 - and hymn Ecce iam noctis) with collect and canticle antiphons from MD 469-470*

Monday August 2 - St Alphonsus Mary de Liguori, Bp, Cf, Dr, Memorial

Collect of the Sunday, MD 470*, for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [210].

Tuesday August 3 – Class IV

All as in the psalter, with collect of the Sunday, MD 470*

Wednesday 4 – St. Dominic, Confessor, Class III

See MD [211].  At Terce to None, chapter etc from the Common.

Thursday 5 – Dedication of the Church of Our Lady of the Snows, Memorial [REF: Class III]

Collect of the Sunday, MD 470*, for the commemoration at Lauds MD [211-2].

Friday 6 – Transfiguration of Our Lord, Class II

See MD [212]ff.

Saturday 7 – Saturday of Our Lady; SS Sixtus II, Pope and Martyr; and Felicissimus and Agapitus, Martyrs, Memorial [REF: St Cajetan, Confessor, Class III]

MD (129)ff for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [219]

First Vespers for Second Sunday of August, MD 451*, with collect MD 470*

Sunday August 8 – Eleventh Sunday after Pentecost, Class II

MD 470-1*

Monday 9 – Vigil of St Lawrence, martyr, Class III

All as in the psalter with collect from MD [220]

Tuesday 10 – St. Lawrence, Martyr, Class II

See MD [221]ff

Wednesday 11 – St. Tiburtius, Martyr, Memorial [REF: also a memorial of St. Susanna, Virgin, Martyr]

Collect of Sunday, MD 471*, for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [227]

Thursday 12 – St. Clare, Virgin, Memorial [REF: Class III]

Collect of Sunday, MD 471*, for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [228]

Friday 13 – SS Pontianus, Pope and Hippolytus, Martyrs, Memorial

Collect of Sunday, MD 471*, for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [228-9]

Saturday 14 – Vigil of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Class II

All as in the Office for Saturday, with the collect for the Vigil, MD [229].

I Vespers of the Assumption – Psalms from the Common of feasts for Our Lady, MD (119) with antiphons and texts from MD [230] with a commemoration of the Sunday, MD 451*/MD471*

Sunday August 15 - Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Class I

See MD [233]ff. At Lauds and Vespers, make a commemoration of the 12th Sunday after Pentecost, MD 471-2.

Note: The Diurnal offers a choice of two versions of the Office for this feast. The first the ‘new approved Office’ was written after the official proclamation of the dogma of the Assumption.

Monday 16 – Class IV

Collect of the 12th Sunday post Pentecost, MD 472*

Tuesday 17 – Class IV [REF: St Hyacinth, M, 3cl]

Collect of Sunday, MD 472*.

Wednesday 18 – St. Agapitus, Martyr, Memorial

Collect of Sunday, MD 472*;for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [245].

Thursday 19 – Class IV [REF: St John Eudes, 3cl]

Collect of Sunday, MD 472*

Friday 20 - St Bernard Abbot and Doctor, Class III

See MD [245]ff - At Terce to None, chapter etc from the Common, MD (78).

Saturday 21 – Saturday of Our Lady; Blessed Bernard Ptolemy OSB, Abbot, memorial [REF: St Jeanne Frances de Chantal, W, 3cl]

MD (129)ff; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [249]

I Vespers for fourth Sunday of August, MD 452*/13th Sunday after Pentecost, MD 473*

Sunday August 22 – Thirteenth Sunday after Pentecost, Class II

MD 472-3*

Monday 23 – Class IV

Collect of the Sunday, MD 473*

Tuesday 24 - St Bartholomew, Apostle, Class II

See MD [250]

Wednesday 25 – Class IV [REF: St Louis, K, Cf, 3cl]

Collect of Sunday, MD 473*

Thursday 26 – Class IV

Collect of Sunday, MD 473*

Friday 27 – feria [REF: St Joseph Calasanctius, Cf, 3cl]

All as in the psalter with the collect of Sunday, MD 472*

Saturday 28 - St Augustine, Bp, Cf, D, 3cl with a Commemoration of St Hermes, M

See MD [251]

I Vespers of fifth Sunday of August, MD 452*/14th Sunday after Pentecost, MD 473-4*

Sunday August 29 – Fourteenth Sunday after Pentecost, Class II

MD 473-4*

Monday 30 – SS Felix and Adauctus, Martyrs, Memorial [REF: ST Rose of Lima]

Collect of Sunday MD 473-4*; for the commemoration at Lauds, MD [257]

Tuesday 31 – Class IV [REF: St Raymond Nonnatus, Cf]

Collect of Sunday, MD 473-4*

Wednesday, June 2, 2010

Are we praying liturgically? ***updated

A topic that regularly comes up is, are we - and religious - praying liturgically when we say the Divine Office?

A degree of confusion arises on this, I suspect, because of some uncritical reading of pre-Vaticna II liturgical textbooks that don't take into account either Pius XII's Mediator Dei or the subsequent developments on this front reflected in the 1983 Code of Canon Law.

Yes, we are praying liturgically!

In my view it is absolutely clear cut that nuns, lay brothers and sisters pray the Office liturgically and always have.  It is also clear, in my view, that laypeople can indeed perform liturgy, whether leading approved services in the absence of a priest, when baptising or when saying the Office.

After all, when we 'assist at mass' (ie attend) we are indeed participating liturgically within our proper sphere of action.

By virtue of our baptism, all Christians can pray liturgically in principle.  As the Catechism of Trent says:
...all the faithful are said to be priests, once they have been washed in the saving waters of baptism. (On Holy Orders)
However, the degree and way we in which we participate in any particular form of the liturgy differs depending on our 'rank, office, and actual participation' (Sacrosanctum Concilium 26).

In the Mass, for example, while the people genuinely participate in the sacrifice by joining their intentions to those of the ministerial priest, they offer it differently to the priest at the altar standing in persona Christi, without whom the true sacrifice of the Mass is not possible.

In some cases, such as the Mass, ordination as a priest is a requirement to lead the liturgy.  In other cases though, the Church can make decisions about who can lead and play active liturgical roles, and these decisions can change over time for pastoral reasons.

In the case of the Divine Office, between the Council of Trent and Vatican II, the laity were not able to participate in the Divine Office unless they attended it when said by a religious or cleric.  The delegation to say the Office was restricted in order to protect the integrity of the liturgy from the danger of heresy.

This changed, however, with Vatican II, and the current Code of Canon Law explicitly extends the previous provisions delegating clerics and religious to say the Office to the laity, but on the basis that it is optional for them, not an obligation.

The Catechism

As the Catechism of the Catholic Church states:

“1174 The mystery of Christ, his Incarnation and Passover, which we celebrate in the Eucharist especially at the Sunday assembly, permeates and transfigures the time of each day, through the celebration of the Liturgy of the Hours, “the divine office.” This celebration, faithful to the apostolic exhortations to “pray constantly,” is “so devised that the whole course of the day and night is made holy by the praise of God.” In this “public prayer of the Church,” the faithful (clergy, religious, and lay people) exercise the royal priesthood of the baptized. Celebrated in “the form approved” by the Church, the Liturgy of the Hours “is truly the voice of the Bride herself addressed to her Bridegroom. It is the very prayer which Christ himself together with his Body addresses to the Father.

1175 The Liturgy of the Hours is intended to become the prayer of the whole People of God. In it Christ himself “continues his priestly work through his Church.” His members participate according to their own place in the Church and the circumstances of their lives: priests devoted to the pastoral ministry, because they are called to remain diligent in prayer and the service of the word; religious, by the charism of their consecrated lives; all the faithful as much as possible: “Pastors of souls should see to it that the principal hours, especially Vespers, are celebrated in common in church on Sundays and on the more solemn feasts. The laity, too, are encouraged to recite the divine office, either with the priests, or among themselves, or even individually.”

It is worth though, looking briefly at what lies behind the Catechism's statements.

What is liturgy

Anyone wishing to understand what is and isn't liturgy, and just why the Church regulates it, should go immediately and read Pius XII's Mediator Dei.

Most of the time of course it is crystal clear what is liturgy and what isn't - because it takes place in a Church, led by a priest, following set forms approved by the Church.

But there are cases where the distinction is not always clear, and the Office in particular has been a somewhat blurred line from the time that private recitation of the Office was permitted for priests in the middle ages.  A wide variety of Offices have sprung up with varying degrees of formal approval.  And the situation is further complicated by the fact that just who the Church has formally delegated to say the Office has changed over history.

Let me make a few key points to help clarify the situation.

Church law on liturgy
The Code of Canon Law (cl 834.1) defines liturgy as "the exercise of the priestly office of Jesus Christ" which brings a complete worship "offered to God by the head and members of the mystical body of Christ." Canon 835 sets out the hierarchy of the sanctifying office of the Church, carried out in a special way through the liturgy, starting with bishops, then covering priests, deacons, and "the other members of Christs faithful...each in his or her own way actively sharing in liturgical celebrations..."

The inclusion of the "members of the mystical body" makes it clear that we are talking here about the priesthood of all the faithful, not just the ordained priesthood.  This is confirmed by Canon 835&6, which explains that Christian worship is exercised by the common priesthood of the faithful.

The sub-paragraph 2 of cl 834 makes it even clearer: "This worship takes place when it is offered in the name of the Church, by persons lawfully deputed and through actions approved by ecclesiastical authority."

That laypeople can be so deputed (subject of course to other theological constraints such as on sacraments requiring ordained clergy to confect them) is confirmed by Cl 230.3 ("Where the needs of the Church require and ministers are not available, lay people can...preside over liturgical prayers...").

So what makes liturgy liturgy is not who says it, but whether or not the Church has deputed them to say it, and whether or not they follow the forms approved by the Church.

So who is deputed by the Church to say the Office?

With the Council of Trent a distinction arose between saying the Office liturgically and devotionally (that hadn't previously been articulated and) that stayed in place until Vatican II.  Between Trent and Vatican II it is reasonably clear that the Church delegated the saying of the Office liturgically to religious (including communities of women alone) and priests.  The laity participated when they attended an official celebration of the Office, but were only saying the Office 'devotionally' if they said it privately, whether alone or in a group.

Vatican II changed that.  In the documents of the Council itself (see for example SC 83-100), and more particularly in a series of subsequent liturgical laws, it effectively abolished the idea of liturgical/devotional distinction based on who was saying the Office by delegating all of Christ's faithful to say it.

The ideal situation of course is to attend the Office at a monastery or Church under the leadership of clerics or religious.

But where this is not possible or practical, as the General Instruction on the Liturgy of the Hours points out, "Lay groups gathering for prayer, apostolic work, or any other reason are encouraged to fulfill the Church’s duty, by celebrating part of the liturgy of the hours." 

Canon 1174 says much the same thing more plainly.  First it reaffirms the primary delegation, which is based on who is obliged to say the Office (viz religious and priests), not clerical status.

But in the next sub-paragraph it invites all of Christ's faithful to take part in the liturgy of the hours.  The various standard commentaries on the Code all confirm that this means that the faithful are now duly delegated to say the Office even when praying alone.  Beal, Corrigen and Green, A New Commentary on the Code of Canon Law, 2000, for example says:
The liturgy of the hours is the prayer of the whole Church, and all the faithful are deputed to celebrate this liturgy. (pg 1406)
Similarly, Caparros and Thorn's Code of Canon Law Annotated (2004) says:
Paragraph 2 [of Canon 1174] is addressed to the rest of the faithful and invites them to take part in the liturgy of the hours, since it is an action of the Church as a whole and of each faithful according to their participation in the priesthood of Christ (cf SC 95-100).
In short there is no requirement that a priest or deacon be present in order to make something 'liturgy'.

And the laity are indeed duly deputed to say the Office as part of the official prayer of the Church.

Approved actions

There is however a second necessary component to something being liturgy, viz whether the forms used are approved by the Church.

There are many people who opt for a devotional Office either in order to say an older version of the Office or in order to adopt their own personal preferences as to which parts of it they like.  The former practice, though in my view undesirable, I think can be justified on the basis that what was once approved is unlikely to be dangerous.  I have severe doubts about the latter approach though, in view of Pope Pius XII's warnings on this subject:

"The Church has further used her right of control over liturgical observance to protect the purity of divine worship against abuse from dangerous and imprudent innovations introduced by private individuals and particular churches. Thus it came about -- during the 16th century, when usages and customs of this sort had become increasingly prevalent and exaggerated, and when private initiative in matters liturgical threatened to compromise the integrity of faith and devotion, to the great advantage of heretics and further spread of their errors -- that in the year 1588, Our predecessor Sixtus V of immortal memory established the Sacred Congregation of Rites, charged with the defense of the legitimate rites of the Church and with the prohibition of any spurious innovation.[48]"

The Benedictine Office according to the 1962 rubrics clearly has been approved for liturgical use, at least in Latin, as confirmed by the Instruction Universae Ecclesiae.

By contrast, a number of modern Offices, such as the Benedictine Daily Prayer, are explicitly devotional, not liturgical.

Does it really matter whether or not it is liturgical prayer?

Mediator Dei says yes: "Unquestionably, liturgical prayer, being the public supplication of the illustrious Spouse of Jesus Christ, is superior in excellence to private prayers."

Pope Pius XII goes on to say however that "But this superior worth does not at all imply contrast or incompatibility between these two kinds of prayer. For both merge harmoniously in the single spirit which animates them, "Christ is all and in all."[38] Both tend to the same objective: until Christ be formed in us.[39]"

You may also be interested in reading my related post on the liturgical status of the 1962 Office.

Last updated 3.11.17