Friday, December 31, 2010

January 1: Octave Day of Christmas

Andrea Mantegna, 1461

Today is the Octave Day of Christmas (aka New Year), and one of those feasts that have gone through a few incarnations in recent years.

Traditionally, today is the Feast of the Circumcision of Our Lord. The feast celebrates the first time the blood of Christ was shed, and thus the beginning of the process of the redemption of man. It also serves to demonstrate that Christ was fully human, and his obedience to Biblical law.

In the 1962 Calendar (including the Benedictine Universal Calendar), all of the traditional texts for the feast are retained, but the name is dropped in favour of the Octave Day. In the Novus Ordo calendar, the Feast was dropped altogether, and it has become the Feast of Mary, Mother of God...

December 31: Seventh day in the Octave of the Nativity; St Sylvester, Pope, memorial



van den Bossche, 1470-1500

December 31: Seventh Day in the Octave of the Nativity

Thursday, December 23, 2010

December 23: Class II


O Emmanuel, our king and our lawgiver,
the hope of the nations and their Saviour:
Come and save us, O Lord our God.



Wednesday, December 22, 2010

December 22: Class II






O King of the nations, and their desire,
the cornerstone making both one:
Come and save the human race,
which you fashioned from clay.

Friday, December 10, 2010

Traditional Benedictine Ordo for March 2011 *amended

Herewith the Benedictine Ordo according to the general calendar for the Order, and rubrics approved in 1961/2, with page references to the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey, 2004.

You will of course need to add in any local feasts celebrated in your monastery, parish, diocese and country.

Note that the season of Septuagesima (see rubrics for the season in the Diurnal) runs until the start of Lent on 9 March.

Tuesday 1 March – Class IV

All as in Tuesday in the psalter with collect MD 167* except for:

Vespers: Magnificat antiphon MD 170*

Wednesday 2 March – Class IV

All as in Wednesday in the psalter with collect MD 167* except for:

Vespers: Magnificat antiphon MD 170*

Thursday 3 March – Class IV

All as for Thursday in the Psalter, with Magnificat antiphon, MD 171* and collect MD167*

Friday 4 March – Class IV

All as for Friday in the Psalter, with Magnificat antiphon, MD 171* and collect MD167*

Saturday 5 March – Of Our Lady

Lauds to None: see MD (130)

I Vespers of Quinquagesima Sunday, MD 171*

Sunday 6 March – Quinquagesima Sunday, Class II

Antiphons and other propers, MD 173*ff

Monday 7 March – St Thomas Aquinas, Class III

Lauds and Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Monday with rest from common of a confessor, MD (78), collect MD [75]

Prime to None: Antiphon (and chapter and versicle as appropriate) from common of a confessor, collect MD [75]

Tuesday 8 March - Class IV


All as in Tuesday in the psalter with collect MD 176* except for:

Vespers: Magnificat antiphon MD 179*

Wednesday 9 March – Ash Wednesday, Class I

Lauds: All as in the psalter for Wednesday throughout the year, except for the collect and Benedictus antiphon, MD 180*.

Terce to None: As for throughout the week and throughout the year, with collect from Lauds.

Vespers: Vespers of Wednesday throughout the year with Magnificat antiphon and collect, MD 180*-181*

Thursday 10 March – Class III, The Forty Holy Martyrs, Memorial

Lauds: All as in the psalter for Thursday throughout the year, except for the collect and Benedictus antiphon, MD 181*; for the commemoration, MD [76]

Terce to None: As for throughout the week and throughout the year, with collect from Lauds.

Vespers: Vespers of Thursday throughout the year with Magnificat antiphon and collect, MD 181*-182*

Friday 11 March – Class III

Lauds: All as in the psalter for Thursday throughout the year, except for the collect and Benedictus antiphon, MD 182*.

Terce to None: As for throughout the week and throughout the year, with collect from Lauds.

Vespers: Vespers of Thursday throughout the year with Magnificat antiphon and collect, MD 182*-183*

Saturday 12 March - St Gregory the Great OSB, Class II

See MD [77]ff; with a commemoration of the feria at Lauds, MD 183*.

I Vespers of Sunday, see MD 184*ff

Sunday 13 March – First Sunday of Lent, Class I

See MD 186*ff

Monday 14 March – Class III

[see notes on the Ordinary of Ferial Office in Lent]

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 195*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 195*-196*

Tuesday 15 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 196*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 196*

Wednesday 16 March – Ember Wednesday, Class II

For notes on Ember Days, go here.
Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 197*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 197*

**or I Vespers of St Patrick if applicable

Thursday 17 March – Class III (**in some plaes, St Patrick, Class I)

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 197*- 198*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*;

Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 198*

For St Patrick, see MD 22**

Friday 18 March – Ember Friday, Class II ; St Cyril, memorial

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 198*; For the commemoration, MD [83]

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

I Vespers of St Joseph, MD [84] with a commemoration of the feria, MD 199*

Saturday 19 March – St JOSEPH, Class I

See MD [84]ff, with a commemoration of the feria at Lauds, MD199*

Vespers, commemorate Sunday (using versicle, canticle antiphon and collect from I Vespers)
Sunday 20 March – Second Sunday of Lent, Class I

See MD 201*

At Vespers, make a commemoration for St Benedict - use the versicle, Magnificat antiphon and collect of the feast as set out for I Vespers after the collect of the Sunday.

Monday 21 March – St Benedict Class I

MD [91]ff, with a commemoration of the feria at Lauds and Vespers, MD 206*

Tuesday 22 March – Class III (in some places St Nicholas of Flue)

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 206*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 207*

For St Nicholas of Flue, MD 23**

Wednesday 23 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 207*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 208*

Thursday 24 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 208*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

I Vespers of the Annunciation, MD [100] with a commemoration of the feria, MD 208-209*

Friday 25 March - ANNUNCIATION of the BVM 1 Cl

See MD [102]ff, with a commemoration of the feria at Lauds and Vespers, MD 209*

Saturday 26 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 210*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

I Vespers, MD 210*ff

Sunday 27 March – Third Sunday of Lent, Class I

See MD 212*ff

(Note: the feast of St John Damasus is not marked liturgically this year).

Monday 28 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 217*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 217*

Tuesday 29 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218-9*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter;  chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218*

Wednesday 30 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*; Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*; Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 218-9*

Thursday 31 March – Class III

Lauds: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 190*;Benedictus antiphon and collect of the day, MD 219*

Prime: antiphon for the season (Vivo ego), noted in the psalter and MD 192*

Terce to None: antiphon, chapter and versicle for the season, noted in the psalter and MD 192-3*; Collect of Lauds.

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of the psalter; chapter, responsory and hymn for the season, MD 193-5*;
Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 219

Traditional Benedictine Ordo for February 2011

Herewith the Benedictine Ordo according to the general calendar for the Order, and rubrics approved in 1961/2, with page references to the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey, 2004.

You will of course need to add in any local feasts celebrated in your monastery, parish, diocese and country.

Note that the season of Septuagesima starts February 20.

Tuesday 1 February St Ignatius, Bishop and Martyr, Class III

At Lauds and Vespers, psalms and antiphons of the Tuesday in the psalter, the rest from the Common of one martyr, MD (31). At all hours, collect of the feast, MD [46]

Wednesday 2 February - Purification of the BVM, Class II

All hours: Proper antiphons and texts for the feasts - see MD [49]ff.

At Compline: Antiphon of Our Lady Ave Regina Caelorum (MD 266) from today onwards.

Thursday 3 February - St Blase, Bishop and Martyr, Memorial

Lauds to None: As in the psalter for Thursday with texts for ‘throughout the year’.

Lauds, make a commemoration of the saint, MD [52]; Collect of Sunday MD 149*-150*

Friday 4 February – Class IV

All as in the Office for Friday throughout the year, with the collect of Sunday, MD 149*-150*

Saturday 5 February - St Agatha, Class III

Lauds to None: See MD [52]ff for proper texts for the feast

Vespers: I Vespers of Sunday, Canticle antiphon and collect from MD 150*

Sunday 6 February – Fifth Sunday after Epiphany, Class II

All as for Sunday throughout the year, with canticle antiphons and collect, MD 151*

At Lauds, Psalms 50, 117, 62, and Hymn Aeterne rerum Conditor.

Monday 7 February – St Romuald OSB, Class III

At Lauds to Vespers: psalms and antiphons of Monday, with the rest from the Common of a Confessor, MD (75); collect from MD [58].

Tuesday 8 February - Class IV

All as in the Office for Tuesday throughout the year with the collect of Sunday, MD 151*

Wednesday 9 February - Class IV

All as in the Office for Wednesday with the collect of Sunday, MD 151*

If St Scholastica is a Class I feast: I Vespers, see MD [59]ff

Thursday 10 February - St Scholastica, Virgin, Class II (Class I for nuns)

Lauds to Vespers: see MD [62]ff

Friday 11 February - Class IV

All as in the Office for Friday throughout the year, with the collect of Sunday, MD 151*.

Saturday 12 February – Class IV - Saturday of Our Lady

Lauds to None: See MD (130)

Vespers: I Vespers of Sunday, with Magnificat antiphon and collect from MD 152*

Sunday 13 February – Sixth Sunday after Epiphany, Class II

All as in the psalter for Sundays.

At Lauds, Psalms 50, 117, 62, and Hymn Aeterne rerum Conditor.

Canticle antiphons and collect from MD 152*-153*

Monday 14 February – Class IV – St Valentine, priest and Martyr, memorial

All as in the Office for Monday throughout the year, with the collect of Sunday, MD 152*; At Lauds, make a commemoration after the collect, using the texts from MD [67].

Tuesday 15 February – Class IV

All as in the Office for Tuesday throughout the year with the collect of Sunday, MD 152*

Wednesday 16 February – Class IV

All as in the Office for Wednesday with the collect of Sunday, MD 152*

Thursday 17 February – Class IV

All as in the Office for Thursday with the collect of Sunday, MD 152*

Friday 18 February – Class IV

All as in the Office for Friday throughout the year, with the collect of Sunday, MD 152*.

Saturday 19 February – Saturday of Our Lady, Class IV

Lauds to None: See MD (130)

I Vespers of Septuagesima Sunday – Psalms and antiphons as in the psalter, with chapter, responsory, hymn etc from MD 153*-154*.

At Compline and henceforward, the Alleluia is not said, and in the opening prayers is replaced by ‘Laus tibi Domine…’

Sunday 20 February – Septuagesima Sunday, Class II

Lauds: Antiphons from MD 154*ff, with psalms of Sunday (Ps 50, 117, 62); chapter etc for the day from MD 153*ff

Prime to None: Antiphon s etc for the day from MD 158*-159*

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons of Sunday from the psalter, chapter, responsory, hymn etc for the day, from MD 159*.

Monday 21 February – Class IV

All as in the Office for Monday, with the collect of Sunday, MD 157*.

At Vespers: antiphon for the Magnificat from MD 161*.

Tuesday 22 February - St Peter’s Chair, Class III

Lauds to Vespers: See MD [68]ff

Wednesday 23 February - St Peter Damian OSB, memorial

All as for Wednesday in the psalter, with collect of Sunday MD 157*.

Lauds: Commemoration of the saint, MD [73]

Vespers: Magnificat antiphon from MD 161*

Thursday 24 February - St Matthias, Apostle, Class II

All as in the common of Apostles, MD (9), with collect from MD [73].

Friday 25 February - Class IV (in some plaes St Walburga)

All as in the psalter for Friday, with collect of Sunday MD 157*, except for the Magnificat antiphon at Vespers, MD 162*

For St Walburga, MD 21**

Saturday 26 February – Office of Our Lady on Saturday

See MD (130) (Note: the Office of Our Lady throughout the year applies in Septuagesima tide, contrary to the note in the Diurnal)

I Vespers of Sexagesima Sunday – Antiphons and psalms of Saturday, the rest from MD 162*ff

Sunday 27 February – Sexagesima Sunday

Lauds to None: Antiphons and proper texts of the Sunday, MD 164*ff

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms of Sunday, the rest for the day, from MD 168*

Monday 28 February – Class IV

All as in the psalter for Monday except for the Magnificat antiphon at Vespers, from MD 170*, with collect from MD 167*

Ordo for January 2011

Herewith the Benedictine Ordo according to the general calendar for the Order, and rubrics approved in 1961/2, with page references to the Monastic Diurnal (MD) published by Farnborough Abbey, 2004.

You will of course need to add in any local feasts celebrated in your monastery, parish, diocese and country.

Note that the first half of January is part of 'nataltide'.  This consists of 'nativitytide', which runs until 5 January, and then Epiphanytide, until 13 January.  Rubrics applicable to the season can be found in the first half of the Diurnal.

Saturday 1 January – Octave of the Nativity of Our Lord, Class I [Novus Ordo: Mary, Mother of God]

See MD 108*.

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts for the feast MD 108* with festal (Sunday psalms, MD 44).

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, MD 108* with psalms etc Saturday.

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapters, versicle and collect of the feast, MD 111* with hymns and psalms for 'throughout the week'.

Vespers: II Vespers of the Octave of the Nativity - As for I Vespers, MD 108* with Magnificat antiphon Magnum hereditatis, MD 113*. Note: No notice is taken of the following Sunday.

Compline: Marian Antiphon Alma Redemptoris Mater

Sunday 2 January - Second Sunday after the Nativity, Class II (EF: Most Holy Name of Jesus; **In some places, St Thomas of Canterbury)

Lauds: psalm schema 2 – 92, 99, 62 with chapter, responsory, hymn etc of the day, MD 116*-118*

Prime to None: Of Sunday with antiphon, chapters etc of the day, MD 118*-119*

Vespers: Of Sunday in the psalter.

**for St Thomas, see MD 2**

Monday 3 January – Class IV

Note instructions for the ordinary of the ferial office after the Octave of the Nativity, MD 119*-115*:

Lauds: Psalms and antiphons for throughout the year with chapter, responsory, hymn, Benedictus antiphon and collect for the Nativity, MD 120*-121*

Prime: All as for Monday ‘throughout the year and Nativitytide’

Terce to None: All as for ‘throughout the week’ with antiphons for throughout the year and nativitytide, chapter and versicles for nativitytide MD 122*-123*

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms for Monday with chapter, responsory, hymn and Magnificat antiphon for Nativitytide, MD 123*-125*

Tuesday 4 January – St Titus, Bishop and Confessor: Memorial

Lauds: Psalms and antiphons for throughout the year with chapter, responsory, hymn, Benedictus antiphon and collect for the Nativity, MD 120*-121*. After the collect make a commemoration of St Titus, using the texts from MD 125*-126*.

Prime: All as for Monday ‘throughout the year and Nativitytide’

Terce to None: All as for ‘throughout the week’ with antiphons for throughout the year and nativitytide, chapter and versicles for nativitytide MD 122*-123*

Vespers: Antiphons and psalms for Monday with chapter, responsory, hymn and Magnificat antiphon for Nativitytide, MD 123*-125*

Wednesday 5 January – Class IV [EF: Vigil of the Epiphany]

Lauds: Psalms and antiphons for throughout the year with chapter, responsory, hymn, Benedictus antiphon and collect for the Nativity, MD 120*-121*

Prime: All as for Monday ‘throughout the year and Nativitytide’

Terce to None: All as for ‘throughout the week’ with antiphons for throughout the year and nativitytide, chapter and versicles for nativitytide MD 122*-123*

END OF NATIVITYTIDE

Vespers: I Vespers of the Epiphany of Our Lord – see MD 126*ff.

Antiphons, chapter, responsory, hymn for the feast, MD 126*-129* with Sunday psalms, MD203.

Thursday 6 January – Epiphany of Our Lord: Class I

See MD 129*ff.

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts for the feast (MD 129*) with festal (Sunday) psalms, MD 44.

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, Ante luciferum, MD [129*] with psalms etc of Monday.

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapters, versicle and collect of the feast, MD 132*-133* with hymns and psalms for 'throughout the week'.

Vespers, antiphons for the feast, as at I Vespers, MD 126*ff, with Magnificat antiphon from MD 133*.

Friday 7 January - Class IV

EPIPHANYTIDE: Note instructions for the Ordinary of the Epiphany (Epiphanytide), MD 133*ff.

Matins: Readings for the day, MB212-3

Lauds: Psalms and antiphons of Friday with chapter, versicle and hymn, MD 133*-134*; Benedictus antiphon for day II (Ab oriente), MD 137* and collect, MD 138*.

Terce to None: As for ‘throughout the week’ with antiphons of throughout the year/epiphanytide; chapter and versicle for epiphanytide (in the psalter).

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons for Friday with chapter, versicle and hymn for epiphanytide, MD 137-139*, Magnificat antiphon for day II, MD 139*.

Saturday 8 January – Our Lady on Saturday

Matins: Reading 1 for Jan 7; combine readings 2&3 (omit responsory 2) for Jan 7; third reading for Our Lady on Saturday, Saturday 2 of January

Lauds to None: see MD (133)ff for the variants to the Office of Our Lady on Saturday for the period after Christmas.

I Vespers for first Sunday after the Epiphany: Antiphons and psalms for throughout the year with chapter, responsory, hymn, Magnificat antiphon and collect of the day, MD 140*-142*

Sunday 9 January – First Sunday after the Epiphany: Class II [EF and in some places: Holy Family**]

Matins: MB 222ff

Lauds: psalm schema 2 – 92, 99, 62 with chapter, hymn etc from MD142*ff

Prime to Vespers: see MD 144*ff

For Holy Family see MD 3**

Monday 10 January – St Paul the First Hermit, Confessor: Memorial

Matins: Readings for Monday in the first week after Epiphany

Lauds: Psalms and antiphons of Monday with chapter, versicle and hymn, MD 133*-134*; Benedictus antiphon for day III, MD 137* and collect, MD 138*. After the collect make a memorial of St Paul, MD [23].

Terce to None: As for Monday with antiphons of throughout the year/epiphanytide; chapter and versicle for epiphanytide (in the psalter).

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons for Monday with chapter, versicle and hymn for epiphanytide, MD 137-139*, Magnificat antiphon for day III, MD 139*.

Tuesday 11 January – Class IV

Lauds: Psalms and antiphons of Tuesday with chapter, versicle and hymn, MD 133*-134*; Benedictus antiphon for day IV, MD 137* and collect, MD 138*.

Terce to None: As for ‘throughout the week’ with antiphons of throughout the year/epiphanytide; chapter and versicle for epiphanytide (in the psalter).

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons for Tuesday with chapter, versicle and hymn for epiphanytide, MD 137-139*, Magnificat antiphon for day IV, MD 139*.

Wednesday 12 January – Class IV; (**in some places: St Benedict Biscop, Abbot, Class I)

Lauds: Psalms and antiphons of Wednesday with chapter, versicle and hymn, MD 133*-134*; Benedictus antiphon for day V, MD 137* and collect, MD 138*.

Terce to None: As for ‘throughout the week’ with antiphons of throughout the year/epiphanytide; chapter and versicle for epiphanytide (in the psalter).

Vespers: Psalms and antiphons for Tuesday with chapter, versicle and hymn for epiphanytide, MD 137-139*, Magnificat antiphon for day V, MD 139*.

For St Benedict Biscop, see MD 10**

Thursday 13 January – Commemoration of Our Lord’s Baptism: Class II

All is said as on the feast of the Epiphany, MD 129*ff, but with collect from MD 140*:

Matins: Three nocturns.

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts for the feast (MD 129*) with festal (Sunday) psalms, MD 44; collect from MD 140*.

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, Ante luciferum, MD [129*] with psalms etc of Monday.

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapters, versicle and collect of the feast, MD 132*-133* with hymns and psalms for 'throughout the week' and collect from MD 140*.

Vespers, antiphons for the feast, as at I Vespers, MD 126*ff, with Magnificat antiphon from MD 133*; collect from MD 140*.

Friday 14 January – St Hilary, Bishop, Confessor and Doctor; St Felix, priest: Memorials

Note: From now until Septuagesima, all is said as for ‘throughout the year’ as set out in the psalter

All as in All as in the Office for Friday throughout the year, with the collect MD 144*. Commemoration from MD [24]

(in some places I Vespers of Our Lady of Prompt Succour, see below)

Saturday 15 January – Our Lady on Saturday (**Our Lady of Prompt Succour: Class I; EF: St Paul the First Hermit)

Matins: Readings with Saturday 3 of January

Lauds to None: see MD (133) ff

Vespers: As for Saturday in the psalter with Magnificat antiphon MD 146* and collect MD 147*.

For Our Lady of Prompt Succour, see MD 11** - 16**

Sunday 16 January – Second Sunday after the Epiphany: Class II; St Marcellus I, Pope and Martyr: Memorial

All as in the psalter for Sundays throughout the year:

At Lauds, psalm schema 1 – 50, 117, 62 with hymn Aeterne rerum Conditor.

Collect and canticle antiphons from MD 146* -147*

Monday 17 January – St Anthony, Abbot: Class III

Matins: Lessons 1&2 from the Office of the day; lesson 3 and responsory of the feast.

At Lauds and Vespers, psalms and antiphons of Monday, with the rest from the Common of a Confessor not a bishop, MD (78) and collect MD [26].

Terce to None, chapter and versicle from the Common with collect from MD [26].

Tuesday 18 January – Class IV

All as in the Office for Tuesday throughout the year with the collect of Sunday, MD 147*

Wednesday 19 January – SS Marius, Martha, Audifax and Abachum, Martrys: Memorial

All as in the Office for Wednesday with the collect of Sunday, MD 147*; At Lauds, make a commemoration after the collect, using the texts from MD [26].

Thursday 20 January – SS Fabian, Pope and Sebastian, Martyrs: Class III

Matins: Lessons 1&2 of the day with responsories 1&3; lesson 3 of the feast.

At Lauds and Vespers, psalms and antiphons of Thursday, with the rest from the Common of Many Martyrs, MD (43).

Terce to None, chapter and versicle from the Common.

At all hours, collect from MD [27 ].

Friday 21 January – St Agnes, Virgin and Martyr: Class III (Class II for monasteries of nuns) (**St Meinrad, Class I)

See MD [27] – [34].

Matins: Invitatory and hymn from the Common of Virgins, lessons 1&2 of the day, lesson 3 and responsories of the feast.

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts for the feast, MD [27]ff with festal (Sunday) psalms, MD 44.

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, with psalms of Friday.

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapters, versicle and collect of the feast, MD [30]ff with hymns and psalms [for 'throughout the week'].

Vespers: Antiphons for the feast, MD [31], with psalms as noted in the rubrics, chapter, responsory, hymn etc for the feast.

For St Meinrad, MD 16**ff

Saturday 22 January – Our Lady on Saturday; St Vincent, Martyr: Memorial (**in some places, St Meinrad)

Matins: Readings with Saturday 4 of January

Lauds to None: see MD (133) ff. At Lauds make a commemoration after the collect, MD [34].

Vespers: As for Saturday in the psalter with Magnificat antiphon and collect MD 148*.

For St Meinrad, MD 20**

Sunday 23 January – Third Sunday after the Epiphany, Class II; St Emerentiana, Virgin and Martyr: Memorial

All as in the psalter for Sundays throughout the year.

At Lauds, psalm schema 1 – 50, 117, 62 with hymn Aeterne rerum Conditor

Collect and canticle antiphons from MD 148*-149*. For the commemoration at Lauds, see MD [35].

Monday 24 January – St Timothy, Bishop, Martyr, memorial

All as in the Office for Monday throughout the year, with the collect of Sunday, MD 148*; at Lauds, make a commemoration after the collect, using the texts from MD [35] – [36].

Tuesday 25 January – Conversion of St Paul, Apostle: Class III

See rubrics from MD [36] – [42]

Matins: Invitatory, hymn, readings and collect of the feast; rest as in the psalter for Tuesday.

Lauds: Antiphons and proper texts for the feast, MD [36]ff with festal (Sunday psalms, MD 44), with collects of St Paul and St Peter under one conclusion.

Prime: Antiphon 1 of Lauds, with psalms of Tuesday.

Terce to None: Antiphons, chapters, versicle and collect of the feast, MD [39]ff with hymns and psalms [for 'throughout the week']. Collect of St Paul, MD [39].

Vespers: Antiphons for the feast, MD [40] with psalms for the Common of Apostles, MD (13). Chapter, responsory etc for the feast, with collects of St Paul and St Peter under one conclusion

Wednesday 26 January – St Polycarp, bishop and martyr: Memorial

All as in the Office for Wednesday with the collect of Sunday, MD 148*; at Lauds, make a commemoration after the collect, using the texts from MD [42] – [43].

Thursday 27 January – St John Chrysostom, bishop, confessor and doctor: Class III

Matins: Readings 1&2 of the day with responsories 1&3; reading 3 of the feast.

Lauds and Vespers: psalms and antiphons of Thursday, with the rest from the Common of a Confessor Bishop, MD (64) except for the Magnifcat antiphon at Vespers, from MD [43].

Terce to None: chapter and versicle from the Common.

At all hours, collect from MD [43]

Friday 28 January – St Cyril, Bishop, Confessor and Doctor: Memorial

All as in the Office for Friday with the collect of Sunday, MD 148*; at Lauds, make a commemoration after the collect, using the texts from MD [44]

Saturday 29 January – Our Lady on Saturday; St Frances de Sales, bishop, confessor and doctor: Memorial**

Matins: With reading for Jan 4&5

Lauds to None: see MD (133) ff. At Lauds, make a commemoration after the collect, using the texts from MD [44] – [45].

Vespers: As for Saturday in the psalter with Magnificat antiphon and collect MD 149* - 150*.

**As Class I, see MD 21**

Sunday 30 January – Fourth Sunday after Epiphany

All as in the psalter for Sundays throughout the year.

At Lauds, psalm schema 1 – 50, 117, 62 with hymn Aeterne Rerum Conditor.

Collect and canticle antiphons from MD149* - 150*.

Monday 31 January - St John Bosco, Confessor: Memorial

All as in the Office for Monday throughout the year, with the collect of Sunday, MD149* - 150*. At Lauds, make a commemoration after the collect, using the texts from MD [45] – [46]

Thursday, December 2, 2010

A Rule for cenobites...

OK this is a bit of a rant, but I think an important one.

One of the problems in the Church today is the subversion of the idea that religious life represents a higher state of life. Under the guise of the "new monasticism" even married people today like to describe themselves as monks, or consider themselves as bound by the Rules of their Order as monks are.

To the extent that this movement encourages piety and spiritual growth it is obviously a good thing. But to the extent that it undermines the idea that religious life - even in the watered down form so often practiced in these confused and troubled times - is an objectively higher state of life, we should reject it as a dangerous subversion of the Church's traditions.

The Benedictine Rule is first and foremost a Rule for monks and nuns...

A widely disseminated commentary on the Rule for December 2 laudably encourages the saying of the hours of the Office. But in making his arguments for doing so the author gets carried away, claiming:

"the Holy Rule was written by a layman for laymen. The early men (and later, women) were lay-folk when they joined St. Benedict, not vowed Religious but beginners..."

Well no.

First, St Benedict himself was a monk not a layman: the story of his acceptance of the habit from a monk of a monastery near Subiaco appears in the Life of the saint written by St Gregory. And, leaving aside the question of whether or not St Benedict was actually a deacon, is the author of the commentary really claiming that St Benedict didn't make the vows he prescribes for his own monks in Chapter 58 of the Rule? Surely he was indeed a vowed religious!

Secondly, the Rule makes it clear several times that he is writing for "the strong race of cenobites" (ch 1), that is for those "practicising it in monasteries" (ch 73), "in the enclosure of the monastery and stability in community" (ch 4), under the authority of an abbot (ch 1).

When the postulant arrives at the gates of the monastery he is indeed a layperson and beginner. But he is seeking to become a monk or nun (and by the way, women were not later in this but contemporaneous, as St Scholastica, as well as the communities of women referred to in the Life, make clear), not seeking to continue living in the world.

The Rule of St Benedict is a great spiritual document, filled with wisdom for all. And the laity have been called to adopt the spirituality taught by St Benedict from its very beginnings as his Life makes clear: the saint provided spiritual direction to many from his cave at Subiaco; converted those living near Monte Cassino by his preaching; and attracted lay donors who provided land for new monasteries, and entrusted their sons to him for the monastery. Those early oblates often followed an exemplary asceticism too, as the story of the lay follower of St Benedict who fasted on his annual journey to visit the monastery (until tempted otherwise and called on it by the saint) demonstrates. But the call of an oblate is different to that of a monk, and we shouldn't confuse the two.

What is a monk or nun?

The profession of the evangelical counsels by a religious means poverty, chastity and obedience not just in the sense we are all required to adopt, but that special consecration which renounces all goods and all sexual activity, and promises obedience to a superior who stands in the place of Christ. In the case of Benedictines, the form of the vows is 'stability and conversion of morals' and a commitment to live' according to the Rule': "stabilitate...et conversatione morum...et obedientia...secundum Regulam Sancti Patris nostri Benedicti..."

In Vita Consecrata, Pope John Paul II stated that the superiority of the state reflects the fact that religious voluntarily gave up good things, making a total holocaust of themselves, in favor of a greater good, the pure service of God. It is this special commitment that justifies the status of religious life as a higher calling: “As a way of showing forth the Church’s holiness, it is to be recognized that the consecrated life, which mirrors Christ’s own way of life, has an objective superiority.”

Oblates

We are all called to holiness. And the promises made by a Benedictine Oblate for example represent a particularly good way of pursuing that holiness.

But an oblate is not a monk.

Canonically, the situation of an oblate is quite different to that of either a monk, or a third order member of one of the mendicant orders such as the Carmelites, Franciscans or Dominicans.

The traditional promises (not vows) made by a Benedictine oblate living in the world are to live "according to the spirit of the Rule of our Holy Father Benedict, and observe the Statutes of Oblates" (conversationem morum...ad mentem Regulae..."

In the prayers and admonitions of the American-Cassinese Congregation leading up to the promises, for example, the prospective oblate was asked if he was willing to "observe the salutary teachings of our Holy Father Benedict, according as your state of life permits..."

Religious life is, amonst its other purposes, meant to help and support the practice of the laity by providing an exemplar of holiness. Oblates are meant to share in the spiritual benefits produced by their monastery, and learn from the religious life. But oblation is not to meant to be a substitute for religious life, even in times where that religious life seems often poorly observed.

Be fervent followers of St Benedict by all means, but according to your state in life...